Reasons for Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 1760s, largely with new developments in the textile industry.

The causes of the Industrial Revolution were complicated and remain a topic for debate. Geographic factors include Britain’s vast mineral resources. In addition to metal ores, Britain had the highest quality coal reserves known at the time, as well as abundant water power, highly productive agriculture, and numerous ports and navigable waterways.


  • Economic  and political competition:(colonialism)

The European states are competing among themselves for the global resources and most of them are rising colonial powers.This competition and desperation to dominate made them innovate labour and cost saving machinery.

  • Scientific Revolution in Europe

The rise in scientific temperament and a society more open to ideas formed a fertile ground for innovations and newer ideas.


  • Agricultural Revolution in Britain

Under the enclosure movement the big landlords of Britain started taking away the lands of small farmers and peasants which created unemployment in the agri sector and this unemployed labour fulfilled the demands of the industrial sector.


  • Geographical discoveries and world trade

With the beginning of geographical discoveries , new lands were introduced while the west had direct contact with the East which increased the demand of the products and this became the basic factor for industrial revolution.


  • Capitalism and capitalist class:

The ideology of capitalism created a new capitalist class(investors) who invested heavily on capital goods.


  • Availability of coal and iron:

Coal and iron reserves in England was also one of the causes for the Industrial revolution.