Ikshvaku-era

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: Recently around 3,730 lead coins were unearthed in an earthen pot at Phanigiri, a renowned Buddhist heritage site in Telangana. The coins, bearing an elephant symbol on the obverse and a Ujjain symbol on the reverse, are believed to belong to the Ikshvaku period. Phanigiri is considered …

Morodharo

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TOI   Context: Residents of Lodrani, unearthed a Harappan-era fortified settlement. The site, named Morodharo, yielded a large quantity of Harappan pottery similar to that found in Dholavira. The settlement, dating back 4,500 years, shows architectural similarities to Dholavira and depended on the sea, suggesting that the desert was …

Man, the Hunter – Theory

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: IE  Context: A recent study challenges the traditional notion of ‘Man, the Hunter,’ suggesting that women not only participated in hunting during the Palaeolithic era but also had certain biological advantages. The ‘Man, the Hunter’ theory emerged in the 1960s, proposing that hunting played a significant role in human evolution. …

King Kulashekara Alupendra I

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Archaeologists uncovered a rare inscription related to the Alupa dynasty, marking the first record of an Alupa king’s death and containing references to the Siri cult, including Siri, Dalya, and Chattara. This Someshwara inscription holds great significance in the study of Tuluva history and culture (in modern-day …

Mesolithic rock art find adds to Hyderabad’s history

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: TH  Context: A significant archaeological discovery was made in the Manchirevula Forest Trek Park near Hyderabad. Ancient rock paintings that appear to date back to the Mesolithic period. The paintings, which are in red pigment, depict three tortoises, a fish, and a geometric motif. The paintings are approximately 6,000 to …

Sanatan Dharma

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The term “Sanatan Dharma” is a Sanskrit phrase that can be translated as “eternal religion” or “eternal law.” It is commonly associated with Hinduism but is also used by Jains and Buddhists who believe in rebirth. The term gained popularity in the late 19th century when it …

Vast megalithic site in Kerala

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: A recent archaeological excavation conducted by the State Archaeology Department in Kerala, uncovered a significant number of megalithic “hat stones,” also known as Thoppikkallu in Malayalam. Hat stones are hemispherical laterite stones that were used as lids on burial urns during the megalithic period. This discovery is …