Schemes under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

  1. About the Scheme
  2. Objectives
  3. Implementation
  4. Eligibility

About the ADIP Scheme


Objective

  • to assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable, sophisticated and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social and psychological rehabilitation, by reducing the effects of disabilities and enhance their economic potential.

Implementation

  • The scheme is implemented through implementing agencies such as NGOs, National Institutes under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and ALIMCO (a PSU that manufactures artificial limbs).

Eligibility

A person satisfying all the following conditions are eligible:

  • Indian citizen of any age
  • Has 40% disability or more (must have the requisite certificate)
  • Monthly income, not more than Rs.20000.
  • In the case of dependents, income of parents/guardians should not exceed Rs.20000.
  • Must not have received assistance during the last 3 years for the same purpose from any source. However, for children below 12years of age, this limit would be one year.

Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme

  1. Background
  2. Introduction
  3. Objectives
  4. Approach and Strategy
  5. Grants-in-aid to NGOs

Background

  • The umbrella Central Sector Scheme of this Ministry called the “Scheme to Promote Voluntary Action for Persons with Disabilities” was revised w.e.f. 01.04.2003 and was renamed as the “Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)“.
  • However, while revision of the scheme took place in 2003, the cost norms of 1999 had remained unchanged.
  • The revision of the cost norms has become imperative to compensate for the price rise.
  • The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Industrial workers has risen by 38% from 1999 to 2007.

Introduction

  • It has been decided to revise the cost norms for honoraria, recurring items and nonrecurring items of expenditure.
  • The scheme has also been revised to the extent that there has been widening of the scope of the model projects.

Objectives

The objectives of the scheme are

  • To create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities.
  • To encourage voluntary action for ensuring effective implementation of the People with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities and Protection of Rights) Act of 1995.

Approach

  • The approach of this Scheme is to provide financial assistance to voluntary organizations to make available the whole range of services necessary for rehabilitation of persons with disabilities including early intervention, development of daily living skills, education, skill-development oriented towards employability, training and awareness generation.
  • With a view to inclusion of persons with disabilities in the mainstream of society and actualizing their potential, the thrust would be on education and training programmes.

Key strategies

  • To enhance educational opportunities at all levels and in all forms and enlarge the scope of vocational and professional opportunities, income generation and gainful occupations.
  • To support all such measures as may be necessary for promoting formal as well as nonformal employment and placement opportunities.
  • To implement outreach and comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation programmes in urban and rural environments.
  • To support manpower development activities to train required personnel at different levels for all programmes/ projects/activities for persons with disabilities.
  • To support the development, publication and dissemination of information, documentation and training materials.
  • To set up well equipped resource centres at different levels. To promote and support the development of self-help groups, parent organizations and independent living.
  • To encourage coordination, cooperation and networking and multi-sectoral linkages.
  • To support people with disabilities in projects which are environment friendly and ecopromotive.
  • To support construction and maintenance of buildings, provision of furniture and fixtures and installation and maintenance of machinery and equipment.
  • To establish and support facilities for sport, recreation, leisure-time activities, excursions, creative and performing arts, cultural and socially inclusive activities.
  • To support and facilitate the availability of appropriate housing, homes and hostel facilities.
  • To support the conduct of surveys and other forms of epidemiological studies.
  • To promote research in various development areas, innovative strategies, assistive devices and enabling technologies and support production of such devices ensuring quality control.
  • To support effort to ensure protection of human, civil and consumer rights of persons with disabilities.
  • To support legal literacy, including legal counseling, legal aid and analysis and evaluation of existing laws.
  • To support such other measures, which may meet the needs of the persons with disability and fulfill the obligations as prescribed in the People with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities and Protection of Rights) Act of 1995.

Grants-in-aid to NGOs

  • To facilitate delivery of various services to persons with disabilities by voluntary organizations, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is administering DDRS scheme and providing grants-in-aid to NGOs for the following projects:-
  • Vocational Training Centres
  • Sheltered Workshops
  • Special Schools for the Persons with Disabilities
  • Project for Cerebral Palsied Children
  • Project for Pre-School and Early Intervention and Training
  • Home based Rehabilitation Program / Home Management Programme
  • Project for Rehabilitation of Leprosy Cured Persons (LCPs)
  • Project relating to Survey, Identification, Awareness and Sensitization
  • Project for Community Based Rehabilitation
  • Project for Human Resource Development
  • Seminars / Workshops / Rural Camps
  • Project for Legal Literacy, Including Legal Counselling, Legal Aid and Analysis and Evaluation of Existing Laws
  • Environment Friendly and Eco-Promotive Projects for the Handicapped
  • Grant for Purchase of Vehicle
  • Construction of Building
  • Grant for Computer
  • Project for Low Vision Centres
  • Half Way Home for Psycho-Social Rehabilitation of Treated and Controlled Mentally Ill Persons
  • District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (DDRCs)

Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY)

  1. Introduction
  2. Importance of the scheme
  3. Duration
  4. Eligibility
  5. Registration for the scheme
  6. Devices supported
  7. Salient features of the scheme
  8. Districts covered
  9. Way ahead

Introduction

  • Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana is scheme for providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
  • This is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government.
  • The expenditure for implementation of the scheme is being met from the “Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund”.
  • The Scheme is being implemented by the Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation (ALIMCO), a PSU under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Importance of the scheme

  • As per the Census figures of 2011, the population of senior citizens in India is 10.38 crore.
  • More than 70% of the population of senior citizens live in rural areas of the country.
  • A sizeable percentage (5.2%) of the senior citizens suffers from some sort of disabilities related to old age.
  • Projections indicate that the number of elderly population will increase to around 173 million by 2026.
  • The Government has hence devised the Central Sector Scheme to provide Physical aids and Assisted Living Devices for such senior citizens suffering from age related disabilities/ infirmities, who belong to BPL category.

Duration

The Scheme duration is for period of the 3 years ie. upto 2019-20.


Eligibility

  • Senior Citizens, belonging to BPL category and suffering from any of the age related disability/infirmity viz. Low vision, Hearing impairment, Loss of teeth and Locomotor disability will be provided with such assisted-living devices which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions, overcoming the disability/infirmity manifested.
  • The Scheme is expected to benefit 5,20,000 Senior Citizens across the country.

Registration for the scheme

Documents required

  • Aadhaar /Proof of identity – Passport, Voter ID, Driving license
  • Proof of BPL status – certificate from the District Authority for eligibility / BPL ration card / proof of receiving Old Age Pension under Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) under the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) / Any other Pension Scheme of the State/UT Government for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category
  • Certificate from the Medical Officer required for loss of vision, hearing impairment, loss of teeth and locomotor disability requiring use of wheelchair.

Devices supported

Under the Scheme, the following Aids and Assisted-Living Devices will be provided to eligible elderly beneficiary senior citizens, depending upon their physical impairment.

  1. Walking sticks
  2. Elbow crutches
  3. Walkers / Crutches
  4. Tripods / Quadpods
  5. Hearing Aids
  6. Wheelchair
  7. Artificial Dentures
  8. Spectacles

Salient features of the scheme

  • Free of cost distribution of the devices, commensurate with the extent of disability/infirmity that is manifested among the eligible senior citizens.
  • In case of multiple disabilities/infirmities manifested in the same person, the assistive devices will be given in respect of each disability/impairment.
  • ALIMCO will undertake one year free maintenance of the aids & assisted living devices.
  • Beneficiaries in each district will be identified by the State Governments/UT Administrations through a Committee chaired by the Deputy Commissioner/District Collector.
  • As far as possible, 30% of the beneficiaries in each district shall be women.
  • The State Government/UT Administration/District Level Committee can also utilize the data of BPL beneficiaries receiving Old Age Pension under the NSAP or any other Scheme of the State/UT for identification of senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
  • The devices will be distributed in Camp mode.

Districts covered

A total of 326 districts from all State/UTs Administration have been selected for the implementation of RVY during 2019-20.


Way Ahead

  • With more than 70% of the 104 million elderly living in the rural hinterland, any serious initiative to improve the lot of senior citizens must incorporate adequate budgetary support for social welfare spending on the relevant programmes.
  • With the number of the elderly in India set to surge by 2050 to almost 300 million, or about a fifth of the population, governments need to make more comprehensive efforts to address the problems of elderly.