Consequences of haphazard urbanization

  • This phenomenon poses many challenges for development, livelihood and policy making.
  • Environmental costs: air pollution resulting from automobile dependency, water pollution caused in part by increases in impervious surfaces, the loss or disruption of environmentally sensitive areas, such as critical natural habitats (e.g., wetlands, wildlife corridors), reductions in open space, increased flood risks, and overall reductions in quality of life
  • Unsustainable living: the reliance on automobiles has contributed to reductions in air and water quality as well as the accelerated depletion of fossil fuels
  • Lacks basic amenities: Often basic infrastructure like clean drinking water, sanitation, electricity etc are absent from such areas denying decent living conditions to masses and sudden outbreak of diseases which can pose a bigger threat for surrounding areas
  • Increased Traffic: Populations will begin to use their cars more often, which means that there is more traffic on the roads, and there is also more air pollution and more auto accidents that you have to worry with.
  • Structural changes: Structural changes in land use like commercialization of agricultural land, increases pressure on land and threatens the ecosystem and biodiversity as well
  • Community costs: urban sprawl diminishes the local character of the community. Ubiquitous retail chains with extravagant signage and façades are often the first to move into newly developed areas. Small local businesses are often hidden by the visual noise of larger stores.
  • Pockets of development: Development by private contractors are limited to certain pockets like gated communities putting the larger population in peril eg. water logging in Gurgaon