Fundamental Rights

  • The Fundamental Rights is defined as the basic human rights of all citizens. These rights, defined in Part III of the Constitution are guaranteed by the constitution to all person without any discrimination.
  • They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions.
  • The sanction behind these FRs is for promoting the ideal of political democracy
  • The concept of fundamental rights first came into being in Magna Carta in England in 1215.
  • Fundamental Rights in Indian constitution is inspired by the ‘Bill of Rights’ (Fundamental Rights) included in the constitution of the USA
  • This section of the constitution is also called as Magna Carta of India
  • The FRs operates as limitations on the tyranny of the executive and arbitrary laws of the legislature.
  • Originally, the constitution provided for 7 FRs. However, the Right to property was deleted by the 44th amendment act, 1978.