Insights Prelims Test Series – 2016: Discussions Test – 22

Insights Prelims Test Series – 2016: Discussions Test – 22

Hope you enjoyed solving the Twenty Second Test of our 2016 Test Series. On this page, please share your doubts to seek clarifications, or to point out any mistakes in the comment box regarding the First Test. We will do our best to address  all your doubts.

188 Replies to “Insights Prelims Test Series – 2016: Discussions Test – 22”

  1. Dear insights!!
    As you mentioned to follow ICSE environmental studies book to cover the topics related to environment. My question is which book to refer the one by S CHAND publication or the GOYAL publication one ?? Please clarify.

  2. Dear insights in ques 4, answer should be A is incorrect, R is correct as though there is abundant sunshine in tropics & sub tropics but not much plankton growth due to less nutrients as explained. Please clarify

    1. Option (d) should actually be “A is incorrect, but R is correct.” Sunlight and nutrients both are important factors in the growth of phytoplankton. But, as has been observed, nutrients play a greater role in deciding the concentration (productivity) of phytoplanktons.

  3. Dear Insight request to clarify following :

    Q 4: As per explanation, planktons are in low concentration at tropics and subtropics. Can you please explain why sunlight is not critical factor in deciding concentration of planktons which also includes phytoplanktons.

    Q 63: Appreciation of domestic currency would mean low outflow for the domestic borrower for foreign currency borrowing which benefits him. Accordingly answer should be A (1 & 3). Please explain for marking only 1.

    Q 77: Is parliamentary approval required for utilising funds from contingency fund or approval is required for replenishing it and not at the time of utilisation. Please clarify.

    Also thanks for announcing a detailed revision plan for pre 2016 exam. Would certainly follow the same. However would also like to know that whether the daily MCQs covered there will not be a repetition from the insight test series ?

    1. regarding question 63,3rd point is wrong(corporate external borrowers)
      suppose rupee gets appreciated with respect to dollar and a indian businessmen wants to borrow some loan in dollars from external financial institutions….when the loan in dollar gets exchanged in rupee in domestic exchange market he get less sum of rupee due to rupees appreciation(ex:1$=52 rs.)…so it doesn’t benefits him,in reverse condition if rupee depreciates(ex:1$= 70 rs.) he gets more rupee against dollar in domestic exchange market…..

      1. u r perfect in your analysis if it is about borrowing but since question mentions that it is corporate external borrowers which means that question is asking about the time of repayment (my understanding), hence appreciation of domestic currency would benefit him since lower outflow of local currency due to appreciation
        .

        1. Why u consider it as repaying when the question is stressing on borrowers…..

      2. if you thing as as a debtor then it will helpful to you.. as you have to pay less

    2. 4. Option (d) should actually be “A is incorrect, but R is correct.” Sunlight and nutrients both are important factors in the growth of phytoplankton. Sunlight is present in both higher latitudes and lower latitudes, comparatively greater in the later. But, as has been observed, nutrients play a greater role in deciding the concentration (productivity) of phytoplanktons.

      As also given in the PDF, nutrient recycling between different layers of the ocean is important to enable nutrient accessibility for planktons. Due to the steep thermal and salinity gradients at tropics and sub-tropics, nutrient circulation is limited leading to lesser productivity of planktons.

      77. The executive can appropriate funds from the Contingency fund without prior authorization from legislature. But, it must be authorized later by the Parliament.

      63. Please clarify what do you intend to say by “low outflow”. We will address it.

      Daily MCQs and Test Series are framed separately and will have different questions. 🙂

      1. Borrower is a debtor. My doubt is whether the question is asking about impact of exchange rate fluctuation at the time of borrowing or at the time of repayment {since both transaction are performed in the capacity of borrower}. If decision is to be taken at the time of borrowing and there is appreciation of domestic currency then he looses but he benefits due to appreciation of domestic currency due to less burden of repayment instalment.

        1. Suppose company X borrows $1000 at an exchange rate of 50 rupees per dollar totally borrowing Rs. 50,000. X intends to earn Rs. 1000 from this investment in domestic market.

          If rupee depreciates to 60 Rs. per dollar, the net debt liability increases because X pays the debt in dollars (not rupees). It means while it borrowed Rs. 50,000, it will have to repay only Rs. 60,000. However, the profits it is making from the investment is only Rs. 1000. So, there is a net loss of Rs. 9,000 to the ECB client.

          If suppose, rupee appreciates to 40, X will only have to pay Rs. 4,0000, and enjoy a surplus of Rs. 10,000 as well the Rs. 1000 return on investment. So, appreciation of the currency benefits the ECB client. Statement 3 is correct.

          1. so the answer should b (A) – 1 & 3,both importers and Corporate external borrowers. Right?

              1. Q 59 : Sir is cpec officially a part of obor? Can you please cite an official source? This is because China wants India to join OBOR but India will never join if CPEC is a part of OBOR
                This link is an official Chinese website:
                http://english.gov.cn/archive/publications/2015/03/30/content_281475080249035.htm
                “The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor are closely related to the Belt and Road Initiative, and therefore require closer cooperation and greater progress.”

                Please clarify the doubt

          2. Based on your explanation: it will be beneficial for “corporate external borrowers” as their debt servicing liability will come down due to the appreciation in the value of rupee

            Hence answer would be A (Both 1 and 3) and not B (as given in the solution – 1 only)

            Am i right?

            1. Yes, the answer is “1 and 3 only” as per the explanation also in the PDF. It was a typo in the PDF that gave answer as “1 only”

      2. With regards to Question 63,When the domestic currency gets appreciated with respect to foreign currency,debt servicing i.e. interest payment on the debt(which is foreign debt) gets reduced as borrower had to pay less amount of domestic currency against the interest % which is levied in terms of foreign currency denomination.

  4. Q 28: about duty of PRADESHIKAS and RAJUKAS
    Sir,i think answer will be B

    SOURCE:Tamil nadu class 11th history,chapter 6,page no:68 and wikipedia….

    1. In NCERT old XI th textbook they have mentioned both option a and option b.so I guess both of them shud be correct

    2. 28. A is a more appropriate answer. Pradeshikas and Rajukas were not only judicial officers but also handled administrative matters, For e.g. Rajukas were revenue collectors, and toured the district with Pradeshikas. But, they did not maintain land records. Yuktas were responsible for collecting taxes. However, judicial functions were predominantly handled by Pradeshikas and Rajukas. There was a similar question in UPSC, where UPSC mentions them to be judicial officers.

      You may check the following books too.

      http://tinyurl.com/gw5y292 ; http://tinyurl.com/z9j9t96 ; http://tinyurl.com/h55hzpc

  5. DEAR INSIGHTS
    Q5: Regarding transport of heat from lower latitudes to higher latitudes…
    Sir i think answer will be B because transport of heat from lower latitudes to higher latitudes happens due to wind driven and thermohaline ocean circulation…..and this task is accomplished by OCEAN CURRENTS also…

    since the question is about why the equator do not get constant warming…..in explanation u have given waves moves only the energy so there may be the chances that heat energy transferred in this way from lower latitudes to higher latitudes…..
    correct me if i am wrong…..

    1. if we go for minute scrutiny then wherever there is difference of temp heat transfer will take place even if no wave or current exist 🙂

    2. Shankar, the explanation categorically denies that Waves can transfer heat from one place to another, because there is no movement of water by waves. Heat will be transferred only when water “moves” from lower to higher or higher to lower latitudes.

      The energy transfer happening in wave is restricted to the vibration of medium (water) at the particular location.

      However, ocean currents and wind will definitely transport heat to and from higher latitudes, as has also been explained in the PDF. So, R will be incorrect.

      The question tested the concepts of geography and science together. Thank you.

  6. DEAR INSIGHTS
    Q4: REASON(R) is correct because abundant sunlight is vital for growth of planktons…
    In justification u have given highest concentration of plankton is found at higher latitudes,tropics and sub tropics have lower concentration …..then this is against option D
    sir correct me if i am wrong…

    1. Option (d) should actually be “A is incorrect, but R is correct.” Sunlight and nutrients both are important factors in the growth of phytoplankton. Sunlight is present in both higher latitudes and lower latitudes, comparatively greater in the later. But, as has been observed, nutrients play a greater role in deciding the concentration (productivity) of phytoplanktons. Explanation provided is correct. 🙂

  7. Hello Insights. can someone get previously held tests from your test series(non-paid member)?

  8. @Insights

    Q.42 – Answer is D, that is, Vulture is also a Schedule I species. It was upgraded from Schedule IV in December 2015.
    http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=133523

    Just to quote a few lines

    “The following are the important steps taken by Government for protection of Vultures in the country:

    (i) Protection status of White backed, Long Billed and Slender Billed Vultures has been upgraded from Schedule IV to Schedule I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.”

    Further, the term Vulture is too broad in the Indian context. You could have probably been more specific, say, Long Billed Vulture.

    1. @Insights

      Q.97 – Shouldn’t answer be C?
      The immediate reason was “British withdrawal of only British citizens from the ongoing war in South-East Asia” as the fact that Cripps Mission failed and there was high inflation, famine, etc. was persistent for quite some time.

      1. No. All these events are connected to 1942. Cripps Mission came in late March 1942. The high food prices and famine like situation intensified in 1942 (later 1943 Bengal Famine). British episode in Burma was also in 1942.

        Quit India movement was launched in August 1942. So, the correct answer will be (d), as given.

        1. But Sir, the question asks “factors involved in the immediate breakout of Quit India Movement.” I thought this meant the immediate factor, in which case the answer would be A. Cripps Mission Failed.
          Could you please clarify?

          1. All these were immediate factors as clearly mentioned by Bipin Chandra in his book India’s Struggle for Independence. The failure of Cripps Mission was not a standalone reason for the launch of the movement. Famine, high food inflation, British discriminatory evacuation all were responsible.

            1. Some other questions I posted previously. If you could please clarify:
              Test 21: Q.60:
              “Busiest waterway of Europe is formed by Rhine because:”
              The answer is given as “D. river passes through one of the most industrialised regions of the world.”
              But Sir, I feel, this is more of an effect, rather than a cause. The region has been industrialised because of:
              1. River is deep, able to carry cargo (i.e. option A)
              2. Passes through Black Forest (though not sure whether this qualifies as “most raw material intensive regions”)
              I feel the options are a bit confusing. Regions get industrialised because of resources, accessibility etc. Could you please shed some light on this?

              Test 23. Q.29:
              Is not the statement “Consolidation of power of East India Company in Bengal” more suitable for the Battle of Buxar?
              3rd Battle of Panipat only “gave an opportunity to the English to consolidate its power in Bengal and South India.” As also mentioned in your explanations.
              Should it be considered a consequence?
              The answer should then be “D. None”

    2. Yes, this is correct. The official data that we had used was a little old. We will update this in the corrigendum. Thank you for informing.

      1. Hi Insights, I was not aware of this program by you.
        Can I get a chance please to attend rest of the test series.

          1. But The tests are already almost over right..22out of 32 is over Iguess..So how they conduct and charge me..?

            1. Dear, you can attend all the tests at your convenience. They will be available in your dashboard once you subscribe to the test series. 🙂

      2. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus Please post the corrigendum for the first 5 tests to start with. Had to go through each doubt/clarification post to figure out which ques/explanations need correction. It’s very time consuming. Please, and I can’t stress this enough…Post The Corrigendum Now, even if for a few Tests at a time.

      3. Sorry sir for bringing queries so late. Pls help!

        Q61. Sir government has passed Gram Nyayalayas Bill, 2008 and im unable to find any information about Nyaya Panchayats Act 2009 and its status in parliament. Are they same?
        If they are same then as per Gram Nyayalayas Bill, 2008; gram nyayalayas come under the direct control of HC.
        pls clarify

        Q93. Sir Make in India is implemented by Ministry of Commerce… i suppose. though you have specified elsewhere that both ministry follows but no reference.
        reference: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=123724

        thank you

        1. 61. Please read the executive summary and introduction of this PDF
          https://www.google.co.in/url?q=http://www.sociolegalreview.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/From-Nyaya-Panchayats-to-Gram-Nyayalayas-the-Indian-State-and-Rural-Justice.pdf&sa=U&ved=0ahUKEwiRzbT8pK7NAhUZTY8KHUjyD7kQFggVMAQ&sig2=_jFI3MPCx8YlTuGQSFBGQQ&usg=AFQjCNF7XBptiFGD2fHrB3T0piNxHBkehQ

          93. Some sources also mention that Ministry of Finance is the parent organization. We will look into this and clarify in the corrigendum.

          1. Sir can you please tell more about Invest India, Also sir I think Invest India is Part of Make In India.
            TA

      4. Sir, Can you please tell when you are sharing next corrigendum if any Thank you

      5. @insights
        Greetings of the day,
        Sir, while trying to access the discussion page of test 21, the test 1 discussion page is opening. Can u please help as soon as possible.
        Thank you

          1. What about corrigendum of test 21 to 32 ?
            Pls sir upload it asap…it’s not feasible for working ppl to check comments. Corrigendum off helps alot.

            Pls help
            Thanks

      6. Q 4:how A is correct?
        Q 45:biodiversity hotspots :34 right?
        Q 63:y corporate borrowers r not benefited during appreciation?

        1. These are addressed in the Corrigendum Tests 21-30. It will be uploaded by today. Thank you.

  9. @Insights

    We students are totally relying on insights for our preparation and most of us are totally relying on ur test series alone,but we have no idea abt what can be considered as a good mark in these tests.It wud be great if u cud provide cutoff marks for each tests as it wud not only give us an idea abt how much we are lagging,it wud also encourage us to work harder to get closer to d cutoffs.So pls do specify d cutoff marks atleast for d revision tests if not from d next test

    Guys if u agree do upvote the cmnt so that it catches the attention of Insights

    1. A 90+ score will be considered good in this test. Also, if you are able to consistently score 100+ marks in upcoming revision tests, you will fare much better in the actual exam. 🙂

      1. Thanks a lot for clarification.It is of great help.also cud u pls clarify how much wud d difference in marks be between these tests and last year’s UPSC paper(i mean d difference in marks on d basis of difference in difficulty levels of the papers)

  10. @INSIGHTS
    SIR,I am doing study for environment from NCERT AND SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY’S BOOK….MY OPTIONAL SUBJECT IS GEOGRAPHY….I HAVE BOOK OF ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY BY K SIDDHARTA …I HAVE ALSO BOOK OF ENVIRONMENT OF NIOS…..SO,IS THERE ANY SENSE TO BUY THE ICSE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES BOOK????PLZ SPECIFY THE BROAD TOPICS (TEST-WISE) OF THE BOOK SO I CAN PREPARE THE TOPIC FROM MY BOOKS…IT IS URGENT SIR….PLZZZZ REPLY ASAP

    1. You do not need to. Please check the contents of ICSE books that we have posted in Test 20 discussion page. 🙂

  11. Q.63- Here, the Commercial external borrowers refers to a borrowing by a Person/Entity who is settled outside India and has raised loan from India ? I guess , this is what the Question means otherwise the Ans. would be Option A.

    1. No, it refers to Indian entities borrowing from abroad for financing the commercial activities in India. Answer is correct. 🙂

      1. But, when the local currency appreciates w.r.t foreign currency , then the value of loan taken will be decrease, so it will however benefit the borrower.
        Example- $1=Rs60 , local currency appreciates so now $1=Rs50
        So while Repaying the loan the borrower will have to pay only Rs50 to clear the Loan. This gonna benefit him

  12. @insights
    Q4) Assertion and explanation for assertion are contradictory. And pls explain why sunlight is not a reason for higher concentration. Thank you…

    1. Option (d) should actually be “A is incorrect, but R is correct.” Sunlight and nutrients both are important factors in the growth of phytoplankton. But, as has been observed, nutrients play a greater role in deciding the concentration (productivity) of phytoplanktons.

      As also given in the PDF, nutrient recycling between different layers of the ocean is important to enable nutrient accessibility for planktons. Due to the steep thermal and salinity gradients at tropics and sub-tropics, nutrient circulation is limited leading to lesser productivity of planktons.

      1. Can you plz provide any link for this explanation. I still have confusion.

    2. True…Nutrients are but Sunlight is heart of Vital processes..indeed nutrients are secondary…

    3. Bhanu Can you please tell which PDF reader you are using, I need to use the same to Highlight in better way for future revision
      TA

  13. Sir I have few doubts. Please correct me if wrong
    Q.93 make in India comes under minisrty of commerce.
    Q.63. Both importers and borrowers should benefit
    For eg. I borrow 10 dollars at 50rs exchange rate. Hence now I have 500rs .
    If currency appericates and exchange rate becomes 45rs.
    Then to payback my 10dollar loan .I need to spend only 450rs. Hence I have profit of 50rs.

    Thank you. Day by day tests are becoming difficult and good. : )

    1. 93. Both Ministries are helping implementing the scheme. Ministry of Finance is the key industry.

      63. Suppose company X borrows $1000 at an exchange rate of 50 rupees per dollar totally borrowing Rs. 50,000. X intends to earn Rs. 1000 from this investment in domestic market.

      If rupee depreciates to 60 Rs. per dollar, the net debt liability increases because X pays the debt in dollars (not rupees). It means while it borrowed Rs. 50,000, it will have to repay only Rs. 60,000. However, the profits it is making from the investment is only Rs. 1000. So, there is a net loss of Rs. 9,000 to the ECB client.

      If suppose, rupee appreciates to 40, X will only have to pay Rs. 4,0000, and enjoy a surplus of Rs. 10,000 as well the Rs. 1000 return on investment. So, appreciation of the currency benefits the ECB client. Statement 3 is correct.

      Thank you 🙂

      1. Thank you. For clarification regarding 63
        For Q93 your question was sourced from capf 2015 paper I believe and official key ,considers ministry of finance as wrong answer. Please verify once. Thanks for taking time out to reply. 🙂

  14. Dear insights ,

    What is a general government ? (Eco Survey : Vol 2 Ch 2 )

    1. if you are asking about general govt’s fiscal deficit, then that means centre’s plus states’ combined fiscal deficit.

    1. It will be “1 and 3 only”. Appreciation of currency benefits the ECB client. 🙂

  15. Q1.Statement 4: Nowadays canals are being constructed in peninsular India as well. How are they economically unviable?
    Q10.Statement “A” could also be true as birth rate ,death rate and composition of the population are the social attributes of economic development.
    Q26.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_painting#Humayun

    Mughal School of painting already started during the time of Humanyun.Humanyun brought two persian painters along with him to India.
    Q34.If Statement A is correct then every precipitation occurring in coastal areas must be called monsoon.

    Difference in the rate of heating and cooling of land and sea is the basic cause of monsoon climate is the old theory which has been rejected after coming of the jet stream theory.

    Please do not ask ambiguous questions.
    Q63.Please clarify correctness of statement 3 of this question.

    1. 1. Since the population and fields are scattered, it requires intricate canal distribution networks which can be very expensive.

      10. A more appropriate response would be (c) since the model is primarily concerned with economic development and its resultant effects on population growth. Option (a) should have been preferred in the absence of (c).

      26. A school of painting develops by a body of works, and not few works commissioned in a non-organized manner. Mughal school is a synthesis of many styles – Indian, Islamic and Persian, and it started in the reign of Akbar. Statement 1 is correct.

      34. We understand your argument. We will clarify it in the corrigendum.

      63. Suppose company X borrows $1000 at an exchange rate of 50 rupees per dollar totally borrowing Rs. 50,000. X intends to earn Rs. 1000 from this investment in domestic market.

      If rupee depreciates to 60 Rs. per dollar, the net debt liability increases because X pays the debt in dollars (not rupees). It means while it borrowed Rs. 50,000, it will have to repay only Rs. 60,000. However, the profits it is making from the investment is only Rs. 1000. So, there is a net loss of Rs. 9,000 to the ECB client.

      If suppose, rupee appreciates to 40, X will only have to pay Rs. 4,0000, and enjoy a surplus of Rs. 10,000 as well the Rs. 1000 return on investment. So, appreciation of the currency benefits the ECB client. Statement 3 is correct.

      1. 1.Yes they can be expensive,but not economically viable.Had they been economically viable,they would have not been planned.So according to me ,statement 4 is not the reason.
        10.agreed.
        26.NIOS module mentions starting of mughal school from Babur and Humanyun itself.
        63.Then Please modify your answer.Please provide me the link to download corrigendum.

  16. Hi insights

    Q 35

    Statement 2 : It should be “blowing from the eastern side” instead of “blowing to the eastern side”

    Q 77 :

    I dont think Contingency Fund is outside the ambit of Parliament

    Please clarify

        1. The trade winds blow to the eastern margins of continents before reaching western side. By then they are dry and moisture less. so give rainfall on eastern sides of continents.

      1. Here what is being referred to as the eastern side is the eastern side of the continents. Fo trade winds, eastern direction would have been used. So the option seems correctly framed.

    1. i agree these are NE AND SE trade winds…which indicates direction “from which they are flowing”…i.e from the eastern side.
      @i@insightsprelimstestseries:disqus

  17. Can we now have the second attempt at the paid questions series. It will save time while writing the test according to revision schedule.

  18. Q 92 : Question & option do not have good correlation.

    1. I don’t think by concentrating all the population of a species into a single protected area will expose the species to the risks of calamities like floods and epidemics. However if natural calamity comes it could wipe out the species if it is concentrated in a single forest.

    2. The protected area may not necessary overshoot if its carrying capacity is big enough to accommodate.

    1. Guess the questions relating to the problems faced by Khaziranga NP . The floods and siltation would narrow down the habitable area. Even the carrying capacity is being decreased and hence the rhinos are being moved to Pabitora wildlife sanctuary is being taken up.

    2. You have cleared your own doubt.

      Option 1- Some protected areas may cover only a forest area, which if wiped out by flood may end the species in it. And in some cases, even a much larger protected area can also get wiped out by floods and epidemics.

      Option 2- Every big enough area can become insufficient at anytime in future and then the area carrying capacity will overshoot.

  19. @INS@insightsprelimstestseries:disqus … In Q 47 your answer is incorrect. In tropics, there is frequent seasonal change & resulting fertile soils. So answer must be D that is all are correct. I am surprised to see that nobody has quoted this question so far.
    I am posting wiki link of tropics to support my claim.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropics

  20. Dear insight, first of all thanks for starting retake facility for previous test (it is also in line with your revision schedule). But neither mistakes pointed out in test 1 discussion are updated nor we have corrigendum document. Request to do either at the earliest.

    Also out of curiosity just wanna ask will marks in the retest affect the ranking that we see in our dashboard?or it will display rank based on first test only.

  21. I have gone through many shops But Couldn’t get the study material of ICSE Environment Studies here in Nagpur….. What to do Now…?? Plz Help…

    1. You may buy them online or use coaching material/ Old NCERT books etc to selectively read the topics covered in the ICSE textbooks. The index has been put up in Test-20 discussion page. Thank you.

  22. For (Q 26 Consider the following statements.

    1. The Mughal School of painting originated in the reign of Akbar.
    2. The Western Indian style of painting is the only style uninfluenced by infusion from
    foreign style.)

    Which of the above is/are correct?

    A. 1 only
    B. 2 only
    C. Both 1 and 2
    D. None

    Should not the answer D (as painting ‘originated’ during Humayun’s reign. )

    1. I was not sure about the answer but with your sanpshot it seems…it was Akbar indeed under whom mughal style of painting developed!! 😉

        1. Given too little contribution of Akbar’s abbjaan..it would be proper to say everything of mughal painting began with Akbar. Insights answer also supports similar logic. Things may not be accurate at nano level… 🙂

  23. @@insightsprelimstestseries:disqus Q 77 As per various sources Parliamentary approval is not required to use contingency fund. Further can you please explain how currency appreciation not benefit ECBs..

    1. according to laxmikant, contingency fund required parliament approval but not at the same time of withdrewal. that is executive use the money at the time of contingency and later put the same for the approval of the parliament.

      – for consolidated fund(which is largest among 3, i.e. public, consolidated and contingency fund), executive require prior permission from parliament.
      -on the opposite side executive have full control over public fund, in any case either before or after spending the money it does not require parliament’s permission. disinvestment come under public account.
      .

    2. currency appreciation do benefit ECB’s (clarified by insights)Answer option should be 1 and 3

    3. currency appreciation do benefit ECB’s (clarified by insights)Answer option should be 1 and 3

  24. q 85. Wetlands are said to be one of the largest sources of the Greenhouse gas, Methane. What in the wetlands releases methane?

    a. Bacteria that decompose organic material in the absence of oxygen .

    b. Roots of the plants that take up methane from the soil.

    c. Nutrient imbalance releases methane.

    d. Both (a) and (b)

    in this how can the answer be b as well. if plants take up methane it is helping in removing the methane from the atmosphere. and if they die the bacteria do the rest. so the answer should be a only and not a and b both.

    please clarify someone.

    1. read the explanation(last para), roots take up the methane from soil and release it into the air, these plants have this special type of transportation system which normal plants does not possess.

  25. q 62. it is given foreign investment in shares comes under current transactions. but in the nest line it is explained that FII are in capital accounts. i think FII are also in shares of companies. so it should also be in current accounts.

    please clarify someone

    1. Dear, the foreign investment in share by itself comes in the capital account. It is actually the income/interest/returns received on the foreign investment in shares that is counted as a part of the Current Account.

  26. Q 51 mercosur
    I think the answer should be A, not C
    It is just a trade union and not political union

    1. No its not a trade union , its a common market – more integration than the trade union.

    2. No its not a trade union , its a common market – more integration than the trade union.

    1. More than 90 is a good score, so you can donate some marks 🙂 Marks inclusion 🙂

  27. @in@insightsprelimstestseries:disqus

    Q42 .. Lammergier is mentioned in the list proided by you..

    This is a type of vulture as per wiki search …

    Thus the answer should be All of the above…

    1. That is correct. We had used slightly old data. We will update this in the corrigendum that is to be released. Thank you.

      1. where is the corrigendum .i was relying on your tests for final day revisions. this is really pathetic

    2. hello can you pls help!!

      Q61. Government has passed Gram Nyayalayas Bill, 2008 and im unable to find any information about Nyaya Panchayats Act 2009 and its status in parliament. Are they same?
      If they are same then as per Gram Nyayalayas Bill, 2008; gram nyayalayas come under the direct control of HC.
      pls clarify

      Q93. Make in India is implemented by Ministry of Commerce… i suppose.
      reference: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=123724

      thank you

  28. For some reason the test site has become very slow on test history page.

    Not able to download the test. Please help.

  29. @ All,
    Is there anyone who has taken the offline test series ?

    Thanks in advance for the help!

    1. Dear, it is correct as also given in the explanation. It is a typo. Correct answer will be (a) – “1 and 3 only”. 🙂

  30. Insights Prelims Test Series : Q82

    a) It is rich in nutrients

    b) It allows mangroves to be submerged in water for at least a part in the day

    Insight Answer: Both 1 and 2.

    My Query: Submergence in water atleast in a day or so is not prerequisite for survival. Its their adaption to the intertidal zones with special pneumatophores. its not cause but adaption to the causal situation.

  31. Reference to Article of Mr.Kumar Ashirwad, 6th June

    Dear Insight,

    This article clearly certifies your flawed
    strategy for PRELIMS (I have been occasional critic of that). Similar
    remarks have been made on discussion Page of earlier tests..

    -Current
    Events (Vision is preferred, even by Kumar, because they have focused on crucial events
    of national and international imp, unlike collection of every article
    from Hindu, Indian express or PIB related to syllabus)

    -Focus only on New NCERT (New student will never understand what history was or its chronology, untill once he read Old NCERT)

    -Least
    or no focus on Culture (Except for CCRT or Intro to Indian
    Architecture, with no space for religious philosophies, scientific
    development etc.)

    -Unnecessary reading between the line, S & T
    and social issues covering Perspectives/opinion/editorial of
    Hindu/Indian express

    -Shankar IAS is good material though no best
    for environment. (It should have ideally been followed by Website of
    MOEF wherein they divisionwise mentioned Schemes, conventions, Rules and
    organizations with related act..INSTEAD of annual report)

    -Focus on BC, PP or Modern India, ignoring spectrum IAS.

    Unfortunately,
    I am following your website for last 18+ months with complete
    dependence for last 8 months…n delayed realization..it was
    mistake…for Prelims.

    1. Don’t worry ..How can you be sure now that it was a mistake?
      If you want to study from other sources you can…INSIGHTS never asked to study from the mentioned sources only…
      Like History will be the same whether you study from Spectrum or BC..
      You follow your sources and give tests from Insights….Don’t worry too much on these things…You will rock in Prelims !!!

      1. Undoubtfully…onwards I am following my sources..Just thought it was my duty to offer rationale and judicious comments of my observations, Probably that may be helpful to other aspirants or Insight to refine their strategy, if its in line with.

      2. Secondly, In case i meet failure during proposed journey…its because of ME..and if its success, its because of mentor, INSIGHT

        1. I read somewhere in these comments that you are getting 110+ consistently and if as per Insights 90+ is good …. no worries brother…only success this time…Best of Luck!!!

  32. Test No. 23
    Q.11. The Round Table conference resulted from a review of the Government of India Act of
    1919 by the Simon Commission (1927). Consider the following about it
    1. All three meetings of the Round Table Conference were held outside India
    2. Dr. Ambedkar was the only Indian who participated in all three meetings.
    Which of the above is/are correct?
    A. 1 only
    B. 2 only
    C. Both 1 and 2
    D. None
    User Answer : A
    Correct Answer : C

    Explanation : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Round_Table_Conferences_(India)

    M.R. Jayakar, T.B. Sapru also participated in all Round table conferences.

  33. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus please post the corrigendum. Please let me know the link if already posted, Thank you.

  34. Unable to download the answers pdf after the test (Test no 23) since last 3 hours…Can anyone help ?

  35. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus there is aproblem…….whenever iam clicking on the link of test 20 or 21 the page of test 1 is getting opened plz look into it

  36. dear insights,
    Q35:statement 2:how we can call it as a TRADE WIND CAUSE PRECIPITATION,precipitation formed due to warm ocean temperature,trade winds just bring preciptation to eastern side of the continent.
    anyone please clarify it.

  37. Q 1. The 4th option talks about the dispersed location of farmers and their fields. The answer mentions it to be correct, but i am unable to find any such statement in the explanation.

    1. Because of not having the proper route to move water, the farm lands away from canal do not receive as much as water the ones beside the canal receives. Be it the farmer on canal side blocks the way or there is no enroute to all the farms.
      Check mrunal sir geo videos in irrigation issues.. They have answered this.

    2. Because of not having the proper route to move water, the farm lands away from canal do not receive as much as water the ones beside the canal receives. Be it the farmer on canal side blocks the way or there is no enroute to all the farms.
      Check mrunal sir geo videos in irrigation issues.. They have answered this.

  38. How is ministry of finance implementing in India- I thought it was DIPP- PLease shed some light on this

  39. 97 Which of the following factors were involved in the immediate breakout of the Quit India Movement in 1942?
    A. The Cripps mission had failed.
    B. People were suffering from acute food shortages and high food inflation due
    to famine.
    C. British withdrawal of only British citizens from the ongoing war in South-
    (C) Insights Active Learning. | All rights reserved. http://www.insightsias.com 65
    INSIGHTS IAS
    TEST – 22
    east Asia angered the Indians. D. All of the above
    User Answer : C Correct Answer : D

    Answer should be only c as q is asking about immediate cause.
    people were suffering from acute food shortage since long and even august offer also failed before, so nothing special happened bcz f Cripps immediately.

    Please throw light on this?

    1. Dear, the food shortage due to famine like situation became more acute since 1941 only, and reached a peak in 1943 Famine. This added as a fuel to the failure of Cripps Mission and was an important immediate reason for the same.

  40. Could you please clarify my doubt on shola forests under Q29 : statement 3 – sholas are generally found at sites where adjacent slopes converge. This statement is true as per the key answers. I need an explanation for it.

  41. Question : 63
    pls clarify how Corporate External Borrower is not getting benefited when rupee appreciates/

    Insights : pls revert to the trail if any candidate is not satisfied from your first reply.
    bcz if u reply and I am not satisfied it puts me into trouble.
    thanks for the efforts.

    1. This was clarified in some of the comments below:

      Suppose company X borrows $1000 at an exchange rate of 50 rupees per dollar totally borrowing Rs. 50,000. X intends to earn Rs. 1000 from this investment in domestic market.

      If rupee depreciates to 60 Rs. per dollar, the net debt liability increases because X pays the debt in dollars (not rupees). It means while it borrowed Rs. 50,000, it will have to repay only Rs. 60,000. However, the profits it is making from the investment is only Rs. 1000. So, there is a net loss of Rs. 9,000 to the ECB client.

      If suppose, rupee appreciates to 40, X will only have to pay Rs. 4,0000, and enjoy a surplus of Rs. 10,000 as well the Rs. 1000 return on investment. So, appreciation of the currency benefits the ECB client. Statement 3 is correct.

  42. When domestic currency appreciates with respect to a foreign currency it benefits
    domestic
    1. Importers
    2. Exporters
    3. Corporate external borrowers
    Select the correct answer using the codes below
    A. 1 and 3 only
    B. 1 only
    C. 3 only
    D. 2 and 3 only

    sir pls explain hw ans. is b and not a

  43. In question 32 explanation, Udayagiri Khandagiri caves were mentioned as Buddhist caves, but they belong to Jainism.
    Please clarify this.

    1. Thank you for the update. We will add this in the corrigendum and the clarification note above.

  44. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus Q67 ask for “NOT a compulsory provision under the 73rd constitutional”
    But the explanation of the answer is contradictory. Correct option given is “Correct Answer : D” but explanation is “Option (d) is a compulsory provision under the 74th constitutional amendment Act.”

    Please clarify.

    1. Option D is not a compulsory provision under the 73rd Constitutional Amendment.

  45. @in@insightsprelimstestseries:disqus
    for q 29. pls provide the source for statement 3. i.e. Sholas are generally found at sites where adjacent slopes converge

    i am not able to verify the same
    in NCERT 10 th , its not there

  46. Que 63:
    Appreciation of indian currency wrt foreign would benefit
    1) exporters
    2)importers
    3) ecb
    Insights answer: importers only
    If domestic currency is appreciating ,debt liability would be less ,so why ecb would not benefit?
    Plz help

    1. Please see the explanation, answer will be 1 and 3 only. Both importers and external borrowers would benefit. We are issuing a clarification note too which will have the details. Thank you.

  47. Clarifications for Test 22

    4. Option (d) should be “A is incorrect, but R is correct.” Rest will remain the same.

    26. Mughal paintings and Mughal School of Painting are two different things. A school of painting develops by a body of works, and not by few works commissioned in a non-organized manner. Mughal school is a synthesis of many styles – Indian, Islamic and Persian, and it started in the reign of Akbar. Statement 1 is correct.

    28. As given, option (a) is a more appropriate answer than (b). Pradeshikas and Rajukas were not only judicial officers but also handled administrative matters, For e.g. Rajukas were revenue collectors, and toured the district with Pradeshikas. But, they did not maintain land records. Yuktas were responsible for collecting taxes. However, judicial functions were predominantly handled by Pradeshikas and Rajukas. There was a similar question in UPSC, where UPSC mentions them to be judicial officers. You may check the following books too.
    http://tinyurl.com/gw5y292
    http://tinyurl.com/z9j9t96
    http://tinyurl.com/h55hzpc

    34. There are many theories that try to explain the causes of Monsoon. The old Classical theory postulated that Monsoon is caused by differential heating of land and air. But, this theory could not explain the intricacies of Monsoon and the fact that it doesn’t occur everywhere land-sea are found.The modern theories, instead stress on jet streams, air mass and other intricate geographical phenomena. Discussing them is not relevant or useful for Prelims. However, what should be noted is that there are many other factors apart from land-sea differential heating that cause/affect Monsoon type weather.

    42. Protection status of White backed, Long Billed and Slender Billed Vultures was upgraded from Schedule IV to Schedule I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, in December 2015. So, all statements should be correct. We had earlier relied on MoEF data which was not updated. This source is up to date.
    http://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s1.pdf

    60. Under Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP), the Central Government has scaled up blending targets from 5% to 10% to promote blending of ethanol with petrol and its use as alternative fuel.

    63. Both statement 1 and 3 are correct. Correct answer will be A. Suppose company X borrows $1000 at an exchange rate of 50 rupees per dollar totally borrowing Rs. 50,000. X intends to earn Rs. 1000 from this investment in domestic market.

    If rupee depreciates to 60 Rs. per dollar, the net debt liability increases because X pays the debt in dollars (not rupees). It means while it borrowed Rs. 50,000, it will have to repay only Rs. 60,000. However, the profits it is making from the investment is only Rs. 1000. So, there is a net loss of Rs. 9,000 to the ECB client. If suppose, rupee appreciates to 40, X will only have to pay Rs. 4,0000, and enjoy a surplus of Rs. 10,000 as well the Rs. 1000 return on investment. So, appreciation of the currency benefits the ECB client. Statement 3 is correct.

    77. The executive can appropriate funds from the Contingency fund without prior authorization from legislature. But, it must be authorized later by the Parliament.

    93. Only statement 2 is correct. Make in India is being implemented by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India.

    97. The food shortage due to famine like situation became more acute since 1941, and reached a peak in 1943 Famine. This added as a fuel to the failure of Cripps Mission and was an important immediate reason for the same.

  48. Greetings of the day,
    test 21, question no. 30
    Drain of wealth from India occurred due to which of the following?
    1. Plunder and taxation
    2. Employment of Englishmen in India
    3. Investment of British capital in India
    4. Free and unequal trade
    Select the correct answer using the codes below
    A. 1, 2 and 4 only
    B. 3 and 4 only
    C. 2 and 3 only
    D. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    Why dont we take employment of englishmen in india as a cause? as the correct answer as per the the solution says is A

  49. Statement 2 in Question 77.. Is it incorrect because ex post facto approval of Parliament is required even in the case of Contingency Fund?

Comments are closed.