Insights Prelims Test Series – 2016: Discussions Test – 18

Insights Prelims Test Series – 2016: Discussions Test – 18

Hope you enjoyed solving the Eighteenth Test of our 2016 Test Series. On this page, please share your doubts to seek clarifications, or to point out any mistakes in the comment box regarding the First Test. We will do our best to address  all your doubts.

158 Replies to “Insights Prelims Test Series – 2016: Discussions Test – 18”

  1. @insightonindia

    Q.14 Answer is “B” while explanation says “D”.

    A general comment. I am gradually loosing the enthusiasm to take these tests may be due to the apprehension of moving in wrong direction or due to some other factor. I request insight to bring in some fresh energy.

    1. 14. Correct answer is B only as given in the solution PDF. In the explanation also, it will be B instead of D.

      You have been consistent in giving the previous tests which is appreciable. Not every aspirant has been able to do so.

      But, many other consistent test takers have been feeling the same as you do. What makes the difference between those who are selected and those who aren’t is simply ‘consistency’.

      If you stop writing tests, others will race ahead in no time. As we have already mentioned, the competition has become razor-thin in UPSC Prelims.

      The job is only half accomplished now. It’s only a matter of few months. You may take a small break and start afresh with greater energy bringing back the enthusiasm you had when getting a rank was the only thing in your mind.

      All the best! Prepare well. 🙂

      1. Hi Insights,
        Even I get the same feeling.. I have been studying hard in order to maintain good scores in the tests. However, in the past two tests, the performance has been dismal. I have run out of ideas. Could you please provide us with a strategy to read the India Yearbook?

          1. Thanks for the consoling words Insights! You have been the backbone of my preparation 🙂

        1. You can read gist of india year book available in gs score institute’s website.it may help you..

      2. Sir, i am from humanities background and i have solved less number of multiple choice questions in my life. in my opinion, because of this i am fetching consistently very less marks. my marks fluctuates between 22 to 60 (very bad marks). however, i have attended all the tests consistently on the fixed date. but i am not satisfied with my performance now. its 18th test and i am still there. only once i had got 100.33 marks in the test.

        INSIGHTSIAS ! please guide me how should i study ?. i doubt that my study is not in a good direction. what should i do to increase marks in tests ?
        should i solve all the tests papers available in the Rajendra nagar market, delhi or should i stick to only test series (Insightsias) .
        i am very confused and frustrated sir. kindly show me a right strategy otherwise i would loose this attempt of Civil Services AGAIN.

        Thank you so much INSIGHTS and friends.

        1. These tests are a bit tough. Please do not feel demotivated if you cannot score high in every test.

          Please stick to the tests religiously. If you have finished all the basic books thoroughly, given all tests sincerely and revised them 2-3 times, there is not reason why you will not score good in the final UPSC exam. 🙂

  2. Anyone pls provide me the link to download “public institutions in india” pdf…

  3. Q.10 please explain commission power to suppress result of opinion polls.
    Q.12 Since question specifically ask about present UT’s, do any of the present UT’s fall in the two statements given in the question. If not then probably D is the correct answer. Please qualify.
    Q.92 Separate electorate was not started per se in 1932 by communal award. It already existed from 1909 (muslims & sikhs etc) and it was just extended to depressed classes. Hence, wont Option b only is more logical. please clarify

    General query : Please let us know the date from which we can retake previous test and what would be no. of retakes allowed. Also as promised in earlier discussions by insight to publish a document containing details of corrected answers for errors in previous test, when can we expect that document ?

    1. 10. These two links discuss ECI’s powers to supress result of opinion polls and restricting exit polls.

      http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/Election-Commission-not-to-ban-opinion-polls-wants-Centre-to-make-law/articleshow/32959364.cms

      http://www.news18.com/news/politics/bihar-elections-election-commission-bans-exit-polls-from-october-12-1125283.html

      12. Yes, Delhi, Chandigarh, Pudducherry and A&N Islands falls under the statement 1 given in the question. You can read about them here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States_and_union_territories_of_India#States_Reorganization_.281951-56.29

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States_Reorganisation_Act,_1956#Political_integration_after_independence_and_the_Constitution_of_1950

      92. We understand your argument. But, depressed classes were not declared as a minority by the 1932 Award. So, option (a) will be preferable.

      We will come out on the details for the re-tests later. Corrigendum for Tests 1-18 will be published before the beginning of 19th Test.

  4. Dear Insights,
    1.Please provide a plan for CSAT.
    2.Please notify chapters to be studied in Public institutions: performance and design.

  5. @ Insights Prelims Test Series …… Please help with below queries !!!
    1. In Q 18. Why can’t we say “Forests” are stable as both ocean and bare land via succession stabilizes to form stable climax FOREST community.

    2. What is the basic ideological difference between CSP and CPI ? Was CPI formed in Taskent in 1920 or India in 1925 at
    Kanpur ? In fact, please try to clarify the general difference between Communists and Socialists ideology ?
    Someone says Communist is the extreme form of socialist ; Communist is the political ideology while socialist is more about economic arrangement. Can u please help to clear the cloud ?

    3. Are Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) established under UNFCCC ? Or only GCF and ACF are established under UNFCCC ?

    4. In Q 61, Assertion is right. I can understand. But reason, I feel should be : Our commodities look cheaper to foreign buyers. How come : A depreciation of the rupee will raise the cost of buying foreign goods and make domestic goods less costly is the reason. It can be corollary though, I feel.

  6. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus pls provide correct link for Q100 which is on G-waves.
    the given link is redirecting to DR.B.R.AMBEDKAR

    1. The link is correct. For PIB features it is not possible to give exact link. Please go to PIB Features at http://pib.nic.in/newsite/efeatures.aspx and select the month of February on the left side. You will be able to see the article on G-waves dated 19th February 2016. Thank you.

  7. Dear insights,I don’t want to give the remaining 29tests….can you refund the appropriate fees?It will be very helpful to me…Plz reply

  8. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus
    I DID NOT GET ANY REPLY FROM YOUR SIDE
    SO,I HAVE POSTED THE MATTER BELOW JUST TO REMIND YOU…

  9. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus
    can i give these tests after this year at anytime?because i am thinking to prepare for ssc…

  10. Insights Prelims Test Series

    DEAR INSIGHTS,

    Actually I am in a big dilemma….I want to secure a government job within 1 year…2 years for securing a government job is a deadline.. I am unable to prepare for the IAS exam even properly…I am thinking that I have decided the wrong goal..ssc will be easier than IAS exam…It will suit my capability…I have the problem of anxiety also….regular study for long hours is a big challenge to me..I have done B.A. from social science…I am not giving tests because of poor test preparation….I am not also very strong financially…so this is my real problem…I hope that you will understand my problem…Plz help me

  11. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus
    Dear insights,I don’t want to give the remaining 29tests….can you refund the appropriate fees?It will be very helpful to me…Plz reply

  12. Insights Prelims Test Series

    DEAR INSIGHTS,

    Actually I am in a big dilemma….I want to secure a government job within 1 year…2 years for securing a government job is a deadline.. I am unable to prepare for the IAS exam even properly…I am thinking that I have decided the wrong goal..ssc will be easier than IAS exam…It will suit my capability…I have the problem of anxiety also….regular study for long hours is a big challenge to me..I have done B.A. from social science…I am not giving tests because of poor test preparation….I am not also very strong financially…so this is my real problem…I hope that you will understand my problem…Plz help me

    1. Dear, it is really not possible for us to address personal problems. They are best sorted individually.

      This platform is only for Test related discussions. About your refund request, please mail at insightsonindia@gmail.com. All the best! 🙂

      1. I HAVE CHANGED MY MIND….AND I WILL MAKE DOUBLE MY EFFORTS FOR THE TEST SERIES….PLZ HELP ME IN THIS PREPARATION….THANK YOU INSIGHTS!
        TELL ME HOW TO APPROACH THE TESTS NOW ONWARDS….

  13. Dear Insights,

    I have a general query unrelated with TEST-18 regarding RCEP which was recently in the news.. According to wiki:

    ” The agreement (FTA) is proposed between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand) ”

    Q 1. Why is there is a new FTA proposed if there are already existing FTAs? does it mean individual members are gonna have FTA’s between them? does this mean India will have to sign 15 FTA’s?

    Q 2. If there is gonna be a new FTA, what will happen to the old FTA’s do they become meaningless or both FTA’s continue to exist?

    Please shed some light on this.. 🙂

    1. A new comprehensive FTA is proposed to create a unified market, which improves flow of investment and trade that was not possible with scattered individual FTAs. For e.g. in India, there are 29 states, yet we cannot say India has a common market. GST hamonizes the market between states by reducing tax barrier.

      Similarly, with the coming of a new FTA, the differentiated tax treatment, investor protection norms, labour standards etc will all harmonize so that investment and trade flows to the more competitive country, and not necessarily the one that is the least protected.

      Multiple FTAs can con-exist. For e.g India has signed SAFTA as well as separate FTAs will Sri Lanka, Nepal etc. Old ones will exist with the new ones without anyone violating the other, unless there are specific provisions to dilute the old FTAs in the new multilateral agreement.

      A bilateral FTA is different from a multilateral trade agreement. For e.g. WTOs multilateral trading norms apply to all WTO members, and within the broader framework, all bilateral, trilateral and multilateral FTAs co-exist.

      So, similar to an overarching WTO framework, these ASEAN+states will sign a multilateral agreement, and not 15 bilateral agreements.

      1. Hello Sir, I have gone through your explanation but I feel if old and new FTAs will co-exist, it will only aggravate the ‘noodle bowl’ effect. Further, I think once the new FTA has been put in place, it will render any old FTA dysfunctional [if provisions under new FTA are better] even though they may continue to exist in theory.

        1. Dear, the policymakers and negotiators do take care of such details and their effects. If there was to be a ‘noodle-bowl’ effect, the new FTA would not have been negotiated in the first place. 🙂

          1. Dear Insights, for the last question of the test following explanation is given
            ———————————————————————————–
            A spinning disk will not radiate. This can be regarded as a consequence of the principle of conservation of angular momentum.
            An isolated non-spinning solid object moving at a constant velocity will not radiate. This can be regarded as a consequence of the principle of conservation of linear momentum.
            But, two objects orbiting each other in a planar orbit such as a planet orbiting the Sun or a binary star system or the merging of two black holes will radiate Gravitational waves!
            ———————————————————————————–

            Sorry for sending you a late response. I found it at the time of revision. Your are trying to connect newtonian concepts of conservation of angular momentum and linear momentum with Gravitational waves – Shouldn’t be done!!!! (Remember following your logic, planets orbiting should not emit gravitational waves)

            First – Let us say there is an object A at a position X; It has a gravitational field; Now, if it moves from X to Y – Gravitational field has to change. The change in gravitational field is conveyed via gravitational waves at speed c.

            Spinning disk may not radiate (because centre of mass is not changing) – But a solid moving in straight line will emit gravitational waves – (of course quite infinitesimal) – There is no doubt about it! 🙂

            You may need to convey it to our Insightians through a Corrigendum which you may be planning.

            P.S
            Sorry for annoying you all the time with Science questions! I hope you don’t mind.

  14. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus

    The timetable shows dat we have to study chapters 24-29 for the 19th test from Bipin chandra’s book,we had to study chapters 23-27 for d last test.so der is an overlap.Is der any reason for d overlap or has it been mentioned by mistake.pls clarify regarding chapters which are to be studied for this test from bipin chandra’s book.thank you

    1. The overlap is intentional. We would want to cover some chapters twice as they are important. Thank you.

  15. Dear Team, I will be taking this test in couple of days. I need little clarification on Ramesh SIngh’s Indian Economy chapters mentioned in our schedule, chapter 21-25 which are from Human development to model answers. There is no chapter no.25. Kindly clarify it at the earliest. Thank you team!

    1. Ramesh Singh: We will covering these 5 chapters.

      21. Preparing for the Demographic Dividend

      22. Human Development in India

      23. Economic Concepts and Terminologies

      24. Selected MCQ’s (Economic and Social Development)

      25. Model Answers to Selected Questions

      Even if you do not have the 6th edition, a go through of the last few chapters (after Environment) of Ramesh Singh will do.

      1. I have 7th Edition but there is not 25th chapter, only 24 chapter are there. Please check and clarify.

        1. The index is lifted from the 6th edition. Please do not worry about change in the index. Content is more or less similar. What is left in previous editions will be covered. Thank you.

  16. 1.Request to cover geography map related questions and science & tech. part more exhaustively.

    2.Pls suggest strategy to cover science & tech, bcoz being a commerce graduate, science is a bit tricky affair and considering the competition, not a single area can be left out/prepared loosely.

    1. how you are preparing for csat – 2? i am also from commerce.
      current affair plus ncerts will be sufficient, for environment ecology i referred to shanker ias notes.

      1. for CSAT, i am not so worried at the moment because i know i can manage it in last few weeks. But it will be great help if insight starts CSAT papers too ASAP.

        Request insight to pls guide for science tech part..

        1. i have 2015 edition xerox, last current affair chapter will be updated in new edition.

            1. i have hard copy you can purchase it from old rajendar nagar or from flavido.com or amazon buy 2016 version.

    2. can any one post the content page of public institutions in india performance and design …i just want to know the contents to decide to buy book or not…………please

  17. hello insight, please specify the chapters for public institutions in India. waiting for it since few days.
    Thanks

    1. They will be specified on the website when questions from them will be asked for Mains self study guide.

      For the Prelims test series, no such questions will be asked. 🙂

  18. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus
    I HAVE CHANGED MY MIND….AND I WILL MAKE DOUBLE MY EFFORTS FOR THE TEST SERIES….PLZ HELP ME IN THIS PREPARATION….THANK YOU INSIGHTS!

  19. Many unwanted or not important to exam point of view related questions were asked in this paper. Nothing important about this paper. Please try to cover most important questions keeping in mind the upsc point of view. Dont simply add questions to 100 .

  20. Hello team insights
    Will you start an initiative for GS paper II also? Please let me know.

  21. Many unwanted or not important to exam point of view related questions
    were asked in this paper. Nothing important about this paper. Please try
    to cover most important questions keeping in mind the upsc point of
    view. Dont simply add questions to 100 .

    1. Vijay, we would like to know which specific questions, you think, aren’t important? 🙂 Do look at the Q Source and past 10 year UPSC questions when claiming so.

      Based on our experience, all questions covered in these tests are relevant and important for UPSC Prelims.

      1. The very first question itself shows.Apart from that question, the other questions are 2,4,11,21,26,27,35,50,54,58,63,65,90,93.

        1. Questions such as Q58 have been asked by UPSC itself. We have only given a modified version of the question. 🙂

          Q1 was framed looking at UPSC’s liking for cricket. For e.g. a question on Umpire Decision Review System and silicon tape on bat was asked in GS Mains 2013. Many more technical questions on cricket have been asked in the past, and Net Run rate (Q1) is a crucial component of a team’s performance, hence asked.

          Others are from official sources (e.g. Q2, 11, 21) or from important bodies/agencies in news which are often used by UPSC to frame questions. For e.g. 3P India, Q21, was established in the last year annual budget to boost PPP in the country.

          Rest as pointed (e.g. Q1, 27, 35) are from current affairs , where UPSC is highly unpredictable. When UPSC can ask you (in CSP 2015) who won the Indira Gandhi Peace Prize 2014, it can ask anything.

          UPSC’s paper each year is a surprise. CSP 2014 was a big one. You should be prepared to face such questions even if they seem unusual.

          Prepare well. Thank you. 🙂

          1. Thanks sir for your effort. I am not critical of insights.But i just tried to convey the things which i felt. The paper also had other most important questions like GDR,meerut thesis and other questions like 8,16,18,29,30,
            36,41,44 and so many. Thanks again for your combined effort.

          2. Sir, Please do reply for my queries (:- Eagerly waiting……
            Also, do allow us to retake old tests else do upload questions separately so that we can download and take print out. As the pdf version that is available after test runs into 60-70 pages, so it becomes bulkier.

          3. Dear Sir, Following are my doubts,
            Q 71. Does the shape of the earth’s orbit change? It doesn’t; So earth’s speed doesn’t change with shape of the orbit – Its constant; I find the answer given very difficult to digest. 🙂 Can you please clarify.
            Q 61. Both statements are correct; But how does second statement explain the first?

            I hope to see your reply! Regards.

            1. 61. Currency devaluation reduces the price foreigners pay for our goods. For e.g. a Rs. 1000 wallet at a rupee dolar exchange rate of 70 would be cheaper to the US residents as compared to the present exchange rate of around 66. This increases demand for our goods and thus our exports and by a similar reasoning reduces imports.

              This raises income of exporters in the country and prevents leakage of domestic money abroad. Net result is that aggregate demand increases. R clearly explains A.

              71. A better word in place of “shape” could have been “curvature”. We will update it in the corrigendum that is to be published in a few days. The curvature changes, and hence the speed of earth’s revolution around the Sun. The explanation given is correct.

              1. Q. 61 Second statement “seems” to talk about imports! Yes, It can be read as exports too.

                Thanks Sir. Appreciate the reply.

              2. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus: Sir, I beg to differ. In question no. 61, the relation of assertion and its reasoning or explanation is not established. Even in your explanation, this relations has not been established. You have just elaborated on the assertion part. Please respond.

              3. How depreciation of rupee will make domestic goods less costly? It doesn’t affect the prices of domestic goods.Please explain. Answer should be C.

                1. Domestic goods less costly in comparative terms for the foreigners. 🙂

                  1. I agree with that Sir! But in the statement nowhere it is mentioned less costly than foreign goods.

      2. Dear Insights, First of all…you are doing a commendable job. Qn 1 was very innovative and anyone would have stumped over it given the uniqueness of the qn (and not weirdness!!) Yes, some improvement you can do on map related questions and Assertion-reasoning questions. Although, overall..its a great test series…keep it up. thanks

      3. Sir please let us know how many people are writing these test series and top 5 scores for every test.

      4. Dear insight,you have done tremendous job regarding current events,secure(with answer),debate discussion and finally test series.Though their have been some mistakes which had been rectified through your Corrigendum and discussion page.I am solving your test series and i find each and every question somewhere related with genuine issues,events or facts.keep it up!

  22. Dear insights
    question no-50 , Vice President salary and allowances are charged on consolidated fund of India . I think the answer should be D..

    1. Vice President’s salary is charged on CFI in capacity of his being the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and not as Vice President per se.

  23. Q.55. Doubt: according to the explanation out of 85%, only 15% are engage in informal agriculture sector( including fisheries, forestry etc.) but on the other hand we have more than 50% of our population dependent on agriculture, even if you exclude children and elderly who do not account for labor force. Still, in my opinion a large chunk remain in informal sector.
    Is really 35% of agriculture dependent population are elderly or children in the young country like India? or am I missing something.

    1. For the Insight team: I have posted this query 5 days ago, after that I am visiting this page 2 times a day since last 5 days. I feel frustrated that you people don’t have any regard to students query, it is highly unprofessional.

      if your team is feeling the resource crunch you should announce dates on which you will surely reply to the queries.
      for eg. for 19th test you can say ” we will be replying on 30th, 3rd and so on”
      it will provide a closure and a fix time, so that i should not keep coming every day to see that nothing has moved.

      Its high time that you should direct your full attention towards the aspirants who had trusted you and your quality test series.

    2. Around 52% of work force is engaged in agriculture. So, the moment we exclude agriculture sector, we are left only with 48% of workforce, out of which some is in informal, and some is in formal sector. So, mathematically, it is not even possible that more than 50% of workforce will be engaged in informal sector after excluding agriculture.

      What is implied here is the “remaining workforce after excluding agriculture”.

      We are giving 2009–10 stats here.

      Total employment in the country was 46.5 crore of which 2.8 crore in the organised and the remaining 43.7 crore workers in the unorganised sector. Of these 43.7 crore workers in the unorganised sector, 24.6 crore workers were employed in agricultural sector. So, out of the non-agricultural workforce ( 21.9 crore) the remaining informal workforce after excluding agriculture is around 19.1 crore, which is more than 87%.

      So, what we wanted to teach you through Statement 1 was that agriculture sector is not the real culprit for informal employment in India. Please read the statement in this light.

      We understand that aspirants wait for the replies. But, sometimes it is just not possible for us to attend doubts. At other times, we are more than eager and quick to help. Let us know if you have other doubts. Thank you. 🙂

  24. Dear Insights please suggest strategy to cover science & tech portion.
    Also request to cover geography map related questions and science & tech. part more exhaustively in upcoming tests.

  25. Hi Insights

    Can you please explain the following

    1) An individual ministry or department has no power to reject the advice of the UPSC

    2) There may be cases where advice the the UPSC may not be accepted

    How can this be possible?

    Q59 :

    VP draws his salary in the capacity of chairman of Rajya sabha whose salary is charged on the CFI

    Laxmikanth (22.7)

    Some ambiguity.. please calrify

    1. An individual ministry can’t reject UPSC’s advice. Union cabinet can. 🙂

      The Vice-President’s salary is charged on CFI in his capacity as the Chairman of Rajya Sabha, and not Vice-President. Reason is that the Chairman needs to be impartial and non-partisan in conducting the proceedings of the house. Article 112 of the Constitution explicitly ignores the term “Vice-President”.

  26. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus

    Q. 61 I am confused in the r/p between depreciation and aggregate demand.

    Depreciation means value of local currency is reduced–>so costlier imports–>pvt consumption expenditure decreases.
    and
    Govt external borrowings will get costlier as well so govt expenditure may also decrease. Also, ECBs get costlier so investment declines——>aggregate demand declines !

    Your explanation for rising aggregate demand also seems flawless and i stand confused.

    Can you just resolve my doubt as how to solve this type of questions as i most of the times get confused !

    1. Hi Anshul, there is a lot of work on our heads. Please bear with us. We try to clear off whatever we see first.

      61. You have unnecessarily overanalyzed the question.

      One, from where did government borrowing and ECBs came into picture?

      Two, if you are really considering more factors to make you answer more rational, then why not other factors like rate on interest, foreign capital flows, FDI, inflation, CAD etc ? 🙂 And what about the expected monetary response of RBI, fiscal response of government, and flight of investment from India? There can be endless loops of arguments.

      For UPSC Prelims, try to keep things straight and simple.

      When the question talks about only trade in goods, stick to the same. When local currency say Rupee becomes cheaper (compared to say dollar), Indians will find it difficult to buy foreign goods. iphone worth $400 at the exchange rate of 70 would be much costlier than at an exchange rate of 60 rupees per dollar. But the reverse will happen for Indian goods.

      A Rs. 10,000 phone at the exchange rate of 70 would be seen as cheaper in US markets. This devaluation of currency will increase our exports, and reduce imports. So, less money goes out of India and more comes to India. Aggregate demand rises.

      Barring other factors, there is a very clear correlation between statement A and R.

      Let us know if you need help in other such questions. Thank you.

      1. ya sure i understand that u have a lot of work…..
        thanks for clearing my doubt 🙂

  27. Hi Insights,

    How can I know the highest scored marks in these tests. I find no such of option there. There is only a mention of ranks which does not give any idea about the difference between my score and the highest score.
    Please Help, since that will encourage me putting higher targets.

    Regards.

  28. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus regarding test 1 ques 12: is ijaradari system different from that of ijarah practised by mughals?

    1. The same practice was borrowed by the Mughals. It wasn’t different.

  29. 61.Consider the following statements.

    Assertion (A): Depreciation of rupee may raise net exports and increase aggregate demand in the country.

    Reason (R): A depreciation of the rupee will raise the cost of buying foreign goods and make domestic goods less costly

    I understand that, both the statements are true. But how can R be appropriate explanation of A?

    Both are two consequences of rupee depreciation.

    1. When the cost of buying foreign goods increases, and domestic goods decrease, naturally imports of those goods will decrease and their exports will increase. 🙂

      1. Please help me in understanding, how depreciation of rupee decreases the cost of domestic goods?

        1. When local currency say Rupee becomes cheaper (compared to say dollar), Indians will find it difficult to buy foreign goods. iphone worth $400 at the exchange rate of 70 would be much costlier than at an exchange rate of 60 rupees per dollar. But the reverse will happen for Indian goods.

          A Rs. 10,000 phone at the exchange rate of 70 would be seen as cheaper in US markets. This devaluation of currency will increase our exports, and reduce imports. So, less money goes out of India and more comes to India. Aggregate demand rises.

  30. Hello insights , please consider these things

    1. As we’re not allowed to retake tests, can you please provide set of questions test wise in dashboard just like you’ve provided 2014 and 2015 test series , so at least we can practice 🙂

    2. Please let us know when you update the typos of previous test , so we can download it again 🙂

    P.S – Folks please upvote this comment if you want same 🙂

    1. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus-yes sir please open the previous tests so that we can start practicing with revision. I think we are already late in this. And for some changes in portal like section-wise question will be much appreciated.
      Thanks Sir 🙂

  31. Q 57 Option 2 is incorrect; SECC is being funded by Union Govt and not states

    Q59 In LAxmikanth it is mentioned that – Salary of Chairman & Dy. Chairman is included in Charged Expenditure; Answer is contrary

    Q 63 Can you tell the source of Akbar Answer- This light philosophy I am unaware

    Q 86 Finance Commission recommendation are recommended through Finance Act – SO Legislation – (Cant understand presidential order

    Q92 Separate Electorates were already agreed to by COngress in 1916 ; So they did not oppose ; COntrovesial Q ; Need clarification

    1. 57. Same is given in the answer and explanation too. 🙂

      59. The Vice-President’s salary is charged on CFI in his capacity as the Chairman of Rajya Sabha, and not Vice-President. Reason is that the Chairman needs to be impartial and non-partisan in conducting the proceedings of the house. Article 112 of the Constitution explicitly ignores the term “Vice-President”.

      63. http://tinyurl.com/z9v68ps

      86. Point number 5 in http://fincomindia.nic.in/writereaddata/html_en_files/oldcommission_html/memorandum/12memorandum.htm

      92. The keyword is “each minority”. The communal award even included depressed classes who were not covered in the previous acts/awards.

  32. Can we please get our rankings as well as the total number of candidates taking the test?

  33. Qn 74. Statement 3 correct??
    Brahmaputra River length= 2900 Kms
    Indus River length= 3200 Kms

  34. please explain the logic behind question 59, why vice president salary and allowances is not considered to be charged on CFI.

    1. Vice President gets salary and allowances as Chairman-RS.
      When he acts as President, he is entitled to salary and allowances of President. Other than that he is only Chairman-RS.

  35. Q. 71. Shape of the Earth’s orbit is fixed i.e. elliptical, so there is no question of varying the shape of its orbit. Actually depending on the position of Earth in the specified (read elliptical) orbit, the orbital velocity changes and this is same as change in Earth’s distance from Sun. So the answer should be C.

    1. A better word in place of “shape” could have been “curvature”. We will update it in the corrigendum that is to be published in a few days. The curvature changes, and hence the speed of earth’s revolution around the Sun. The explanation given is correct.

      1. Hi Insights!

        Can u pls explain qn 71…how earth’s orbital velocity changes?

        1. Please go through the explanation in the PDF and let us know if there is something specific that you didn’t understand. 🙂

  36. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus Q10.. can EC suspend elected candidates?? As per my understanding, EC can just advise President on disqualification.. Pls explain

    Q59. Charged upon consolidated fund of India.. Though Vice President is not mentioned, Chairman of RS is mentioned..Shouldnt it be analysed so?

    Q76. Can you share the source for embryo transplant, organ transplant?

    1. 10. Please see the link given in the explanation.

      59. The Vice-President’s salary is charged on CFI in his capacity as the Chairman of Rajya Sabha, and not Vice-President. Reason is that the Chairman needs to be impartial and non-partisan in conducting the proceedings of the house. Article 112 of the Constitution explicitly ignores the term “Vice-President”.

      76. It has been shared in the PDF.

  37. Q68. I think Article 324 provides “Term of the members of the Election Commission”…. as per Laxmikant book it says, “They hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. They can resign at any time or can also be removed before the expiry of their term.”
    But according to the answer it does not. According to me, none of the option verify as only point 1 is correct.

    Q71. Shape of the Earth’s Orbit is fixed so that option A does not seem appropriate. Pls clarify, answer should by C

    Q86. Doesn’t the recommendations relating to distribution of Union Taxes and Duties and Grants-in-aid have to be approved by the parliament in the form of Finance Bill??

    1. 68. Article 324 does not. Laxmiknath mentions the terms set by the government.

      71. The right word in place of shape could have been curvature. We will update it in the corrigendum that is to be published in a few days. The curvature changes, and hence the speed of earth’s revolution around the Sun. The explanation given is correct.

      86. Both Presidential order and Finance Bill are needed to implement the award. See point no. 5 here http://fincomindia.nic.in/writereaddata/html_en_files/oldcommission_html/memorandum/12memorandum.htm

      1. Please do not give half baked questions.Finance bill is necessary to implement the Finance commission’s recommendations.

  38. Still waiting for response for the Doubts asked for Test 17 and Test 18. Kindly show some seriousness towards this

  39. Q8.How does GDP deflator does not include prices of imported goods if those imported goods are consumed directly by the people?

    Please clarify the lengths of river Indus and Brahmaputra.

    1. GDP only includes domestic goods that are manufactured within the territory of the country. So, GDP deflator doesn’t include imported goods that manufactured outside our territory.

      1. Calculation of GDP involves income method ,expenditure method etc.Suppose someone spend money to buy imported good from market,won’t the value of the good included in GDP calculated through expenditure method?

        1. Exports and imports are adjusted in the final calculation in these methods. NI = C+ I + G + (X – M), here X and M refer to exports and imports.

          GDP will only include goods that are produced with the national territory.

          1. but cpi also includes services not just only goods, in the question it was written cpi = only goods so option 1 should have been wrong

          2. Q 74. Insights, Majority of the sources are saying Indus is longer than Brahmaputra.

            Can you please clarify on this.

      2. Exactly. So ,GDP deflator takes into account domestically produced final goods and services. it doesnt include all the goods and services. First statement should be wrong.

  40. Q8.. part 1 seems to be wrong as it says “GDP deflator takes into account all goods and services unlike CPI which takes only

    representative goods” While CPI takes into account of both goods and services…plz explain???

    1. CPI does take into account services. We unintentionally overlooked this.

      We will add and update this in the corrigendum. 🙂

  41. 97 As per the extant policy, FDI up to 100 per cent is allowed in most of the sectors/activities. However, FDI is NOT allowed in which of the following sectors?

    i think in current the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) decided that Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) can make unlimited investments in chit funds in India on a non-repatriation basis.
    SO this is called FDI or NOT?
    i don’t understand.

    1. It is called FPI, and in more accurate terms QFI.

      QFI) is sub-category of Foreign Portfolio Investment and refers to any foreign individuals, groups who invest.

        1. to be specific its not real estate but construction sector that has been relaxed… @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus can u please throw some light on this??

          1. “Real Estate Business (other than construction development) or Construction of Farm Houses” is a prohibited sector for FDI.

  42. Dear insights team,

    I wanted to ask, whether if I subscribe to your test series at this moment, will I be given the test material of the last 19 tests that I
    have missed too.

    Awaiting your reply,

    1. Yes, they will be available in your dashboard. You can take them any time. Thank you.

      1. @insightsfor ques. 82 explaination seems to be incomplete. Kindly provide full explanation.
        Ques 75 please elaborate the explanation or give pg no. Of the source.

        1. 82. Full Explanation: The rules governing the use of zero appeared for the first time in the Brahmasputha Siddhanta (7th century).
          This work considers not only zero, but negative numbers, and the algebraic rules for the elementary operations of arithmetic with such numbers.
          In some instances, his rules differ from the modern standard, specifically the definition of the value of zero divided by zero as zero.
          Brahmagupta established the basic mathematical rules for dealing with zero (1 + 0 = 1; 1 – 0 = 1; and 1 x 0 = 0), although his understanding of division by zero was incomplete (he thought that 1 ÷ 0 = 0).
          Almost 500 years later, in the 12th Century, another Indian mathematician, Bhaskara II, showed that the answer should be infinity, not zero

          75. You can read about it on Page 101: Chapter 11: NCERT 11th – Fundamentals of Physical Geography

          1. Is the source for ques. 75 correct as I am unable to locate the correct justification.

      2. Sir can you please clarify Q62 about Akbar’s Religious thinking.Option D is correct I think but given A.

        1. While he considered that religion belonged to the personal sphere, Akbar discussed extensively on religious issues and even encouraged others to do the same. You will see Akbar in many popular images discussing religious and spiritual topics. So, statement 2 is wrong.

          1. Agree sir but I am saying how Statement 1 is correct, please clarify, seems to be a mixture of sufi and samkhya philosophy.
            Ta

            1. It is taken from an authoritative source. Please stick to it. 🙂

  43. Q.No. 58
    Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is vice president.
    chairman’s salary is charged on cfi.
    So, i think option 1 also correct

  44. Question 75

    Th answer given is correct. Could you clarify the explanation for statement 2. It says that the trade winds blow IN the north easterly direction and IN the south easterly direction in the north and south hemisphere respectively. Shouldn’t it be FROM instead of IN as used in the statement.

    Thanks in advance

  45. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus Q8) GDP Deflator takes into account domestically produced goods and services not all the goods and services. So, Answer should be B.

  46. @insightsprelimstestseries:disqus Q61) How depreciation of rupee will make domestic goods less costly? It doesn’t affect the prices of domestic goods.Please explain. Answer should be C.

    1. Please read things in the context of the question. It makes domestic goods less costly for the foreigners.

  47. @insights prelims test series for ques. 82 explaination seems to be incomplete. Kindly provide full explanation.
    Ques 75 please elaborate the explanation or give pg no. Of the source.

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