Types of buildings in Islamic architecture in the Indian subcontinent

  1. Mosques
  • Mosques are the places of congregation where men gather to offer prayers. They are also called “masjids” and known as a place for prostration
  • They are basically large columned halls known as hypostyle halls and in some of the mosques, Madrasahs are also a part of the same building
  • An important element used in the mosque was the “mihrab”. It is the niche in the wall that indicates the direction of Mecca towards which all the Muslims pray.
  • The most visible element of the mosque is the “minaret”, the tower which is either adjacent or attached to the mosque from which the call to prayer is announced.
  • The most important (but inessential) element of Islamic architecture and a part of the mosque is the “dome” which is also known as “qubba” in Muslim architecture
  • Calligraphy is also the most visible decorative element in mosques.


  1. Forts
  • They were palaces; a place of accommodation on a larger and more comprehensive scale, thus forming a city within a city
  • They were built for the purpose of defence to protect the monarchs and their people from their enemies.
  • We can also see the influences of different regional architecture of Gujrat and Punjab in the construction of the forts


  1. Tombs
  • Among the architectural marvels that were built during the Islamic rein in India, the most wonderful, and beautiful structure was the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal, which is an integrated complex of many structures.
  • White domed marble, large gardens, pools with fountains reflecting the light, landscape, and four tall standing minarets surrounding the structure imply a symmetrical and a balanced form. This proves the elegance of the Indo-Islamic style of architecture. It is a perfect example of an architectural accomplishment of the Mughal building art.