Airport Authority of India (AAI)


  • This authority is responsible for providing safe and efficient air traffic services, along with aeronautical communication services for effective control of air traffic in the entire Indian air space
    • It controls and manages the entire Indian space even beyond the territorial limits of the country, in accordance with the norms set by International Civil Aviation Organisation
  • The International Airports division of AAI, operates and develops international Airports
    • It has undertaken construction of terminal complexes at various international airports and improvement/upgradation of runways and terminal buildings
  • However, the improvement of infrastructure at the airports needs heavy capital investment which the government cannot afford of its own
    • Therefore, private domestic and foreign investors including NRIs have been encouraged to participate in the process of improvement

India Aviation Industry

  • India had the world’s third-largest civil aviation market in 2017
    • India is expected to overtake China and the United States by 2030, according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  • Despite this growth, much of the country’s aviation potential remains untapped
  • IndiGo, Air India, SpiceJet and GoAir are the major carriers in order of their market share
  • The Ministry of Civil Aviationis responsible for civilian aviation, through regulatory oversight by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)