Past Year Questions Asked In UPSC Exam

Q1. What characteristics can be assigned to monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 percent of the won population residing in Monsoon Asia? (2017 GS1)

Q2. Discuss the nature and origin of the Indian monsoon and recent techniques of its prediction. (2014 Geography optional)

Q3. Discuss the mechanism and origin of Monsoon winds & explain the role of EI Nino on Monsoon circulation. (2008 Geography optional)

Q4. La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from El Nino? (2011 Prelims)

  1. La Nina is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas El Nino is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
  2. El Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      • (a ) 1 only
      • (b) 2 only
      • (c) Both 1 and 2
      • (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q5. The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of (2014 Prelims)

      • (a) Equatorial climate
      • (b) Mediterranean climate
      • (c) Monsoon climate
      • (d) All of the above climates

Q6. With reference to ‘Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)’ sometimes mentioned in the news while forecasting Indian monsoon, which of the following statements is/are correct? (2017 Prelims)

  1. IOD phenomenon is characterized by a difference in sea surface temperature between the tropical Western Indian Ocean and the tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean.
  2. An IOD phenomenon can influence an El Nino’s impact on the monsoon.Select the correct answer using the code given below:
      • (a) 1 only
      • (b) 2 only
      • (c) Both 1 and 2
      • (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q7. Consider the following statements: (2015)

  1. The winds which blow between 30 N and 60 S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.
  2. The moist air masses that cause winter rains in the North Western region of India are part of westerlies.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      • (1) 1 only
      • (2) 2 only
      • (3) Both 1 and 2
      • (4) Neither 1 nor 2