Human Values in Hinduism


Hinduism is based on inculcating and practicing certain basic human values which refer to behaviour of individuals in daily life. These are the essential morals which every Hindu must have which are as follows;

  • Truthfulness – Everyone should speak the truth with kindness and compassion. It is possible that in short run untruth may appear to win but in long run truth will always win. But if truth causes harm, it is better to be silent rather than speaking it. For example, if a person is ill and there is risk to his life then telling truth may cause harm to patient. So, in this case it is better to be silent.
  • Non-violence – According To Hinduism ‘Ahimsa Paramo Dharma ’- Best Dharma is not to harm others for personal benefits. One should not opt for non-violence at least not beyond bare minimum without which one could not survive. It also means that one should prefer to be vegetarian and should refrain from overeating and consuming meat.
  • Non Stealing – Hinduism teaches not to steal or enter into debt. One should not be greedy and selfish which may result in stealing. The person should not take the things which do not belong to him rather one should use hard earned assets and money.
  • Compassion – Every Hindu must have callous, compassionate and intensive feelings. He must have sympathy, kindness, love, mercy for all. One should do his deed selflessly and for the benefit of society. One should always be ready to provide services to needy ones even at one’s own sacrifice, if needed.
  • Forgiveness – One should restrain oneself from intolerance and ill will. The individuals can forgive only if they have combined characteristics of patience, tolerance and bear sufferings. Forgiveness will ultimately result in peacefulness. It creates the basis of non-violence.
  • Sweet speech – Hinduism teaches us sweetness of speech and personality. One should not be rude, harsh and impolite. The individual should be pious and should always use sweet words.
  • Tithing – Hindus should be generous. It is believed in Hinduism that more you give more you get. One should give or donate to others without any intention of reward.
  • Free of Sin – Hinduism teaches us not to perform any action that is sinful. According to law of Karmas, everyone is rewarded according to his karmas, sooner or later, in absolute and correct measure.
  • Acceptance – Everyone should do selfless deeds (Nishkama Karma) without concern of outcome. Whatever the outcome of any action should be accepted as the gift of God. Whether the Result is desirable or undesirable, one should accept the result without anxiety.
  • Oneness of Human being – In Hinduism, it is believed that everyone is alike. Soul is a part of God and exists in every one. One should follow inner consciousness and see everyone else in oneself.
  • Listen to self-conscience – Whenever a person is in dilemma whether the carrying out action is right or wrong then he should listen to his self-conscience. In Mahabharata, when Arjuna was in dilemma whether it is appropriate to kill his own cousins then Lord Krishna enlightened him to choose and perform the action that is moral and righteous.
  • Enlightenment – Hinduism believes that one can evolve himself through continuous up-gradation of knowledge through this one can realize his ‘self’ and be fully enlightened.