Montane Wet Temperate Forests


Climatic Conditions

  • Grows at a height of 1800 to 3000 m above sea level
  • Mean annual rainfall is 150 cm to 300 cm
  • Mean annual temperature is about 11°C to 14°C and the
  • Average relative humidity is over 80 per cent.


  • Higher hills of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, in the Eastern Himalayan region.


  • These are closed evergreen forests. Trunks have large girth.
  • Branches are clothed with mosses, ferns and other epiphytes.
  • The trees rarely achieve a height of more than 6 metres.
  • Deodar, Chilauni, Indian chestnut, birch, plum, machilus, cinnamomum, litsea, magnolia, blue pine, oak, hemlock, etc. are important species.