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The demand for reservation arises from historical injustices, social inequalities, and systemic discrimination faced by marginalized communities. While reservation policies aim to address inequalities and promote social justice, they alone cannot eradicate all forms of inequality. Critically analyse.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;

3. The demand for reservation arises from historical injustices, social inequalities, and systemic discrimination faced by marginalized communities. While reservation policies aim to address inequalities and promote social justice, they alone cannot eradicate all forms of inequality. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the issue of reservations and its impact.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes for demand for reservation and its impact and role of reservation in ending inequalities.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the various historical, economic, and political factors that fuelled the demand for reservation by backward communities in India.

Next, write about the impact of the above – resource allocation, social harmony, and economic efficiency etc.

Next, write about the role of reservation in reducing inequalities. Its potential and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.