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Gene editing technology is a groundbreaking technology allowing precise modification of DNA sequences with myriad of potential applications. Continual refinement and optimization of gene editing technologies can reduce costs making them more accessible to the general public. Explain.

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4. Gene editing technology is a groundbreaking technology allowing precise modification of DNA sequences with myriad of potential applications. Continual refinement and optimization of gene editing technologies can reduce costs making them more accessible to the general public. Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India.

Why the question:

Scientists have said they used a human gene editing tool, CRISPR-Cas9, to restore vision in people with a rare form of inherited or congenital blindness.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields and ways to make it affordable.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what you understand by Gene editing technology.

Body:

In the first part, write about the process of gene editing technology with a brief diagram.

Next, write about the possible advantages of Gene editing and cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the limitations of the above especially with respect to high costs. Suggest steps to make it more affordable.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.