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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 May 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues.

1. By addressing the root causes of child marriage and implementing targeted interventions, we can create a future where girls are empowered to reach their full potential, free from the harmful effects of early and forced marriage. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express , Insights on India

Why the question:

In recent years, several high courts have opined that child marriage is allowed under personal laws in various communities.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors leading to child marriages and its impact on girl child and measures needed to stop this.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic relating to child marriages.

Body:

First, mention the factors leading to child marriages – historical factors, poverty, lack of education, girls being considered as burden etc.

Next, write about the impact of child marriages on child brides – health indicators, education, psychology, pregnancy etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to put an end to this practise.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

2. Hyper-globalization has exacerbated various inequalities within and between countries. Examine. Suggest measures to overcome the negative impact of hyper-globalisation. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about hyper-globalisation, its impact on the society and measures needed to counter its impact.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Begin the answer by defining hyper-globalisation.

Body:

First, write about the various features of hyper-globalisation citing a few examples.

Next, write about the impact of hyper-globalisation on the various aspects of Indian society – freer movement of goods, resources and enterprises, and ultimately more jobs, cheaper products and increasing economic growth, prosperity and wealth.

Also, mention the negative impacts like – increasing inequalities, lack of opportunities, dependence and political disconnect etc.

Next, write about the ways in which risks posed by hyper-globalisation could be overcome.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

  


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. India is not a federation in the traditional sense. It combines the characteristics of a federal government with those of a unitary government. Elucidate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the quasi-federal features of Indian polity.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Quasi-Federal nature of Indian polity as mentioned by K.C Wheare.

Body:

First, write about the federal features of Indian polity – dual polity, division of powers, written constitution etc.

Next, write about the unitary features of Indian polity – States Not Indestructible, No Equality of State Representation, emergency provisions etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

  


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Critically examine the potential benefits and challenges associated with central bank digital currency (CBDC). (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

India’s CBDC can be popularized in various ways, like offline access and programmability. But to challenge cash, RBI’s e-money will need to offer anonymity. To firm up such a promise, it’s best to legislate it.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about CBDC, its potential benefits and challenges associated with it.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining the emerging concept central bank digital currency (CBDC)

Body:

In the first part, write about potential benefits that India can accrue from CBDC. financial inclusion, the cashless society, decrease the cost of printing, expanding the digital economy and empowering citizens etc.

Next, write about potential challenges with regards to CBDC. User adoption, security, complexity, domination by Chinese and Opportunity cost due to RBI’s reluctance etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward as to how India should step up to CBDC.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Protecting and restoring wetlands is essential for conservation efforts globally due to their unparalleled ecological importance, biodiversity value, and multitude of benefits to the environment and society. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

W=y the question:

Constructed wetlands are nature’s ingenious solution for wastewater treatment in India

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of wetland ecosystem and need to protect them.

Directive word:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a wetland and its types.

Body:

Write about the various functions performed by a wetland- water-related ecosystem services, productive areas for plant life and animals, major habitat for most of the world’s waterbirds and key habitat for migratory species, important source of food and high recreational, historical, scientific, and cultural values.

Next, write about the major threats faced by wetlands and steps that are needed protect and conserve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Plastic pollution is a complex and pervasive problem that poses significant environmental, economic, and public health challenges worldwide. While the Global Plastics Treaty can play a crucial role in addressing plastic pollution, they are unlikely to be effective on their own without simultaneous investment in alternatives. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India 

Why the question:

The Global Plastics Treaty, an ambitious initiative involving at least 175 United Nations member nations to eliminate the use of plastics, concluded its fourth round of negotiations recently.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the Global Plastics Treaty, its role in tackling plastic pollution and limitations associated.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the impact a global treaty on plastics and plastic pollution can have – It would establish international standards and regulations to reduce plastic waste and its environmental impact.

Next, write about the potential shortcomings on the above and need to invest in alternatives.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

  


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative serves as a fundamental principle for evaluating the moral rightness of actions. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about about Kantian Categorical Imperative and its role in evaluating moral right actions.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining Categorical Imperative of Emmanuel Kant.

Body:

Begin the body by explaining in detail about your understanding of Categorical Imperative with examples. Mention how it can be used to evaluate moral actions. You can use simple but effective examples to put forward your ideas regarding Universal Moral Law etc.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.

 

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