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India is not a federation in the traditional sense. It combines the characteristics of a federal government with those of a unitary government. Elucidate.

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. India is not a federation in the traditional sense. It combines the characteristics of a federal government with those of a unitary government. Elucidate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the quasi-federal features of Indian polity.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Quasi-Federal nature of Indian polity as mentioned by K.C Wheare.

Body:

First, write about the federal features of Indian polity – dual polity, division of powers, written constitution etc.

Next, write about the unitary features of Indian polity – States Not Indestructible, No Equality of State Representation, emergency provisions etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.