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Use of Oxytocin on Cattle

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

Context: The Delhi High Court has ordered action against the use of oxytocin on cattle in city dairies, citing it as animal cruelty. It instructed the Delhi government to conduct weekly inspections and file cases against oxytocin use, with police to investigate.

Why Oxytocin use is bad for cattle and humans?

Oxytocin use leads to increased milk production but can cause health issues such as uterine ruptures and reduced lifespan in cows. Additionally, it can contaminate the milk, posing risks to human health when consumed. Oxytocin misuse in dairy farming is considered animal cruelty and poses health hazards to both cattle and consumers.

About Oxytocin:

It is a hormone produced by mammalian pituitary glands, that aids in childbirth, lactation, and social bonding. It’s vital for preventing excessive bleeding postpartum. However, its misuse of milch cattle to boost yield is harmful. Regulated under Section 26A of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940, administering oxytocin is deemed animal cruelty and is punishable under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.