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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 May 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Discuss immediate actions, medium-term solutions, and long-term strategies that are needed to mitigate the projected water catastrophe and ensure sustainable water security for India’s urban areas. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu, Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses water shortage in India’s urban areas.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about water crisis in Urban areas and immediate. Medium term and long term strategies needed to deal with it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic related to water stress in Urban areas.

Body:

First, write the various issues associated with water scarcity in urban areas and its impact. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the possible immediate solutions – water conservation and emergency infrastructure upgrades; medium-term solutions like water recycling and watershed protection, and long-term strategies such as sustainable governance and climate change adaptation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

2. What are swell waves? How are they different from tsunami waves? Analyse the impact of swell waves on coastal regions of India. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) forecasted that high sea waves, also known as swell waves, might hit the coastal areas of India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about swell waves, its difference with Tsunami waves and impact.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining swell waves.

Body:

First, write about the differences between swell and tsunami waves on the basis of origin, characteristics, and impact etc.

Next, write about impact of swell waves of India’s coastal areas – erosion, beach dynamics, navigation hazards, recreational activities, and coastal infrastructure vulnerability etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to deal with swell waves.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) serve as a moral compass for governance and guide lawmakers in formulating laws and policies. Discuss their classification and criticism. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the concept of DPSP and their classification while commenting on their criticism and making it justiciable.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining what DPSP’s are.

Body:

First, in detail, Discuss the Directive Principles of State Policy, its importance in the Indian Constitution and the history of its conflict with Fundamental Rights.

Next, classify them in detail; Socialistic Principles, Gandhian Principles and Liberal-Intellectual Principles.

Next, write in detail about the criticisms against it. Comment on making certain DPSPs as justiciable and scope for it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising and giving a balanced view on DPSPs.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Government Budgeting.

4. India can enhance the effectiveness of its budgetary system and achieve more sustainable and inclusive economic growth by overcoming several weaknesses that hinder the system’s effectiveness. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the weaknesses in the budgetary system and measures to overcome them.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining budget and major objectives of budgeting.

Body:

First, elaborate up on how budget provide framework of achieving annual objectives.

Next, write about the weaknesses in the budgetary system and its implementation – transparency, budget estimates, Skewed expenditure pattern, Poor planning and lack of long-term perspective etc.

Next, suggest measures to overcome the above weaknesses in order to ensure that budgetary objectives are achieved.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

Topic:  Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

5. Military education and academic preparation are of paramount importance in enabling military leaders in the country to effectively navigate complex security challenges of the modern day. Critically analyse the scenario of military education and steps that are needed to make it robust and effective. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses that while the nature of war remains constant, its changing character imposes a premium on military education and the academic preparation required to cope with current and future security challenges.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of military education, challenges it faces and steps that are needed to overcome it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write how the need of military education for equipping leaders to tackle modern security challenges effectively.

Next, write about the various issues in military education of India – focus on traditional warfare, lack of updating, changing nature of warfare and lack interdisciplinary perspectives.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above including operationalising the Indian Defence University.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour;

6. What factors contribute to the persistence of ragging in Indian colleges, and what steps can be taken to effectively prevent it? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: New indian express

Why the question:

Students have endured ragging, which continues to cast its shadow on campuses. In this scenario, it is hoped the University Grants Commission (UGC)’s latest guidelines for higher education institutions will curb such delinquent behaviour.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issue of ragging, causes and remedies for it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining objectivity.

Body:

Write about how Objectivity helps in taking decisions based upon established facts and figures, helps avoid personal opinion and bias and arrive at fair decision.

Cite suitable examples to substantiate your points in public service and private life.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on its significance.

Topic: accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

7. Ensuring transparency and accountability in government organizations of India is essential for promoting good governance and building public trust. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ways to build and maintain a culture of accountability in government organisations

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining transparency.

Body:

First. Write about how it transparency and accountability are not prioritised in government offices.

Next, with relevant examples elaborate on how an culture of accountability can be instilled – citizen charters, RTI, Reward & Recognition, Autonomy & Trust, Feedback & Coaching, communication etc.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer writing about the link between accountability and efficiency.

Tags: accountability.