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Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: Th

Context: The U.S. accuses Russia of using the chemical compound chloropicrin against Ukrainian forces, violating the Chemical Weapons Convention.

What is Chloropicrin?

Chloropicrin is a chemical compound ( it is a colourless to yellow oily liquid; highly volatile and is a gas at room temperature) used as both a chemical weapon and a pesticide. It poses health risks when inhaled, causing irritation, tears, and vomiting. Originally developed as a poison gas during World War I, it is also employed as an antimicrobial agent, herbicide, and nematicide. Chloropicrin is highly toxic and carcinogenic, and its use as a weapon is a violation of international conventions.

Regulations in place for Chemical Weapons:

Regulation Details
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Entered into force in 1997. It Prohibits the development, production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons. It Monitors the elimination of chemical weapons.
India is a signatory and party, and it enacted the Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000.
Geneva Protocol 1925 Prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons in conflicts.
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Headquartered in Hague, Netherlands. It implements the Chemical Weapons Convention. Its mission is to achieve a world free of chemical weapons.
It has 193 members including India. It was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2013 for efforts to eliminate chemical weapons.