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Hindu Marriage Act

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: TH

 Context: The Supreme Court clarified that mere registration without a proper ceremony doesn’t constitute a valid marriage under the Hindu Marriage Act, emphasizing marriage’s sacredness and practice of ‘Samskara’.


About the Hindu Marriage Act:

The Hindu Marriage Act (HMA) of 1955 regulates Hindu marriages and divorce within the Hindu community and applies to Hindus by birth or conversion, as well as Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs. It sets the minimum marriageable age at 21 for the groom and 18 for the bride, prohibits bigamy and polygamy, recognizes customary practices, and considers mental health as a criterion for void marriage.

The Act allows for marriage registration, permits divorce through mutual consent or judicial separation, and includes provisions for restitution of conjugal rights. Family courts handle legal matters concerning Hindu marriages and divorce, based on territorial jurisdiction.