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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 May 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Carnatic music is encapsulated by centuries of musical tradition, cultural expression, and spiritual exploration. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the distinguishing features of Carnatic Music.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce Carnatic Music as a classical music tradition originating from South India.

Body:

First write about the features of Carnatic Music – Describe the melodic framework of Carnatic Music, emphasizing the use of raga (melodic scale) as a fundamental element. Discuss the intricate system of ragas and their importance in evoking different emotions and moods.

Next, explain the rhythmic aspect of Carnatic Music, focusing on the tala (rhythmic cycle) system. Discuss the intricate patterns of tala and the use of percussion instruments to create rhythmic variations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2.  Despite differences in their river characteristics, the Himalayan and Peninsular drainage systems play vital roles in India’s hydrology and socio-economic development. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Insights on India , Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about differences between Himalayan drainage system and the Peninsular drainage system as well as their importance.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about the drainage system of India.

Body:

First, write the differences between the both on the basis of evolution, nature, type of flow etc.

Next, write about how both the river systems contribute to India’s hydrology and socio-economic development. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

  


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) has significantly expanded access to healthcare services for millions of beneficiaries who were previously excluded due to financial constraints. Critically examine its performance. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the need for reforms India’s Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) health insurance scheme.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the successes and limitations PM-JAY

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing the aims and objectives Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY).

Body:

First, write about the Salient features of Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY).

Next, write about the successes of the above – Reducing Out-of-Pocket Expenditure, Technology Integration, Coverage etc.

Next, write about the limitations of the same – Non-payment of dues, Misidentification of beneficiaries, leaks, lack of quality treatment etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. In India, while there has been progress in organ donation initiatives, there remains a significant gap between the demand for organs and their availability. Discuss steps that are needed to promote organ donation in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

In India, the gap between demand for organ donations and their supply is huge.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about progress in organ donations, its need and measures needed to improve organ donation.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic related to organ donations in India.

Body:

First, elaborate upon increased trends of organ donations in the country.

Next, discuss the need for more donations as there is severe shortage of organ donors. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, suggest various measure that are needed to increase the number of organ donors in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

  


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Robust Goods and Services Tax (GST) revenues present a significant opportunity for the government to prioritize vital reforms aimed at enhancing economic growth, fiscal sustainability, and administrative efficiency. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu ,Insights on India

Why the question:

Revenues from the Goods and Services Tax (GST) crossed the ₹2 lakh crore mark for the first time in April.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various successes and limitations of GST and reforms that are needed in it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by aims and objectives behind the launch of GST.

Body:

First, write about the achievements of GST – simplified tax structure, an increase in the tax base, and a reduction in tax evasion. Substantiate with examples, facts or statistics.

Next, write about the shortcomings of GST – high tax rates, compliance burden, and complexities in the filing process have been faced. Substantiate with examples, facts or statistics.

Next, suggest reforms in GST.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

  


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Citizen’s Charters,

6. Incorporating the views and expertise of a wide range of stakeholders in the preparation and implementation of citizen charters is essential for enhancing their effectiveness, legitimacy, and sustainability. Analyse. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

trace the link between non-partisanship in public administration and equality amongst citizens.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining a citizen charter.

Body:

First, write about the various issues in the functioning of citizen charters

Next, write about the importance of consultation with various stakeholders and improving standards of services to solve various issues with citizen charters.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by suggesting ways for effective utilisation of charters.

 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

7. Being fearlessly morally upright while taking practical decisions is a delicate balance that requires careful consideration of ethical principles alongside pragmatic concerns. Critically examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the efficacy of being fearlessly morally upright and taking practical decisions.

Directive:

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing what you understand by being fearlessly morally upright.

Body:

Write about the various ethical issues involved in being fearlessly morally upright.

Next, analyse the pros and cons of being fearlessly morally upright and how its affects the administration and the civil servant. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about being practical along with upholding morality.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving your view being fearlessly morally upright.

 

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