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Pakistan’s Hangor class submarine

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: IE

 Context: Pakistan has unveiled its inaugural Hangor class submarine, designed as a direct counterpart to India’s Kalvari class submarines.

 

About Kalvari class submarines:

It was constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited under Project-75, are derived from the French Scorpeneclass submarines. These vessels feature diesel-electric propulsion and serve as attack submarines. India currently operates six submarines of this class: Kalvari, Khanderi, Karanj, Vela, Vagir, and Vagshir. The Indian Navy is in the process of equipping these submarines with an indigenous Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system, enabling extended submerged operations for non-nuclear submarines.