Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Inequality in India stems from various factors, both historical and contemporary. Hence, targeted interventions should focus on vulnerable groups to ensure equitable access to social services and support systems. Analyse.

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Inequality in India stems from various factors, both historical and contemporary. Hence, targeted interventions should focus on vulnerable groups to ensure equitable access to social services and support systems. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

French economist Thomas Piketty, along with a few other economists, recently came out with some startling findings on economic inequality trends in India over the last century. In Income and Wealth Inequality in India, 1922-2023: The Rise of the Billionaire Raj, Piketty and his co-authors estimate that inequality in India today is far worse than during the inter-war British colonial rule.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of inequality and measurers needed to address it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining inequality and cite statistic to show inequalities in the Indian society.

Body:

First, write about the various reasons for inequality in India – Historical reasons, poverty, informal employment, lack of social security, regional imbalances etc. Write about the impact of inequality in India.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to address this and move towards a more equitable society.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.