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The poultry industry in India is a vital contributor to the economy. Despite its growth and potential, the poultry industry in India faces several challenges. Examine.

Topic: Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5. The poultry industry in India is a vital contributor to the economy. Despite its growth and potential, the poultry industry in India faces several challenges. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the current outbreak of H5N1 was a disaster waiting to happen, as experts have been sounding alarm bells on the unsafe conditions at industrial livestock production for more than 10 years now.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of poultry industry in India and challenges it faces and reforms it needs.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic related to poultry industry of India.

Body:

First, write about the contributions of poultry industry – contributing to GDP, employment, food security, and export earnings.

Next, write about the challenges it faces – disease outbreaks, volatility in feed prices, regulatory issues related to licensing, land use, and environmental compliance; and competition from imports etc.

Next, write about the measures that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.