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Solar and wind energy have immense potential in India, but they also come with limitations. Critically examine.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. Solar and wind energy have immense potential in India, but they also come with limitations. Critically examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the limitations of solar and wind energy in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of technology in transforming Indian agriculture and its potential to enhance productivity, sustainability, and rural livelihoods.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic related to solar and wind energy in India.

Body:

First, paint a picture of solar and wind energy scenario in India.

Next, write about sustainability – assess how technology can promote sustainable agricultural practices, including the use of IoT devices, data analytics, and precision irrigation to reduce resource wastage and environmental impact.

Next, write about the limitations of wind and solar energy – intermittency, land requirement, grid integration challenges, initial investment costs, and resource variability etc.

Next, write about the way to overcome above shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.