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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 April 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. How do the interconnected elements of land, food, and water shape economic activity in the context of climate change? Discuss strategies can be implemented to address these intersections and promote sustainable economic development. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

As the India Meteorological Department (IMD) predicts a hotter summer and longer heat waves from April to June, India must also prepare for water stress.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about interconnectedness that shape the economy and the impact of climate change, strategies needed against.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of the interconnectedness of land, food, and water.

Body:

First, write about how the climate change is impacting the interconnectedness and its outcome. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about the strategies to overcome the same – adopting climate-resilient agricultural practices, transitioning to renewable energy sources, implementing integrated water resource management, and promoting food security and nutrition etc

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. The Sovereign Gold Scheme (SGS) aims to provide an alternate avenue for individuals to invest in gold while also mobilizing idle gold held by households and institutions. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

India’s sovereign gold bond scheme has been of benefit to retail investors as well as the whole economy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write in detail about the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme, its successes and limitations.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief, write a few introductory lines about the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme.

Body:

In the body, first write about the salient features of the scheme.

Next, write about its successes – promoting financial inclusion, providing interest earnings, ensuring safety, and offering tax benefits etc.

Next, write about its limitations – lack liquidity and may be subject to interest rate and market risks.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. Implementing policies and measures to expand the direct tax base should be a priority for India’s fiscal and economic policymakers. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The linked article discusses the state of direct taxation in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about need for India to widen its direct tax base- what benefits it will provide and why it is important.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about need for fiscal deepening of India and also discuss its consequences – generating additional revenue, reducing fiscal deficits, promoting equitable distribution of tax burden, enhancing compliance and accountability, supporting sustainable development goals, and fostering economic stability and resilience.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to achieve the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. What are the various bottlenecks to an energy secure India? How can the government ensure successful energy transition towards renewable sources?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the actions in India’s energy transition.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various bottlenecks to energy secure India, steps needed for energy transition and role of state governments in it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the giving context by citing a statistic about the current status of energy transition in India.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various bottlenecks for an energy secure India – coal shortages, volatility of crude oil, increasing demand, climate commitments and lack of diversification of resources.

Next, write about the various measures that are needed to transition towards renewable sources without adversely affecting energy security.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. Understanding the Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) challenge in India requires political nuance, not just a security lens focused on violent incidents. Elaborate (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the complexities of LWE and write measures to tackle them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving a brief overview of the Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) challenge in India and highlight the need for understanding it through political nuance.

Body:

First, discuss the origins and evolution of the LWE challenge in India, highlighting its political context, ideology, and grievances.

Next, explain why a security lens focused only on violent incidents is insufficient for understanding the LWE challenge and how it can lead to a misguided approach to countering it. Elaborate on the importance of political nuance in understanding the LWE challenge, emphasizing the need to address its underlying socio-economic and political issues, such as land rights, resource distribution, and governance.

Discuss the role of state and non-state actors in perpetuating the LWE challenge and how political nuance can help in engaging with them.

Highlight examples of successful approaches that have employed political nuance in addressing the LWE challenge, such as the Andhra Pradesh model and the peace talks in Jharkhand.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

6. The SAMADHAN strategy against the Maoists can be an effective doctrine to tackle left wing extremism but it has to be a coordinated battle on security and development fronts. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by the convergence of technology and terrorism and steps that should be taken to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of SAMADHAN doctrine.

Body:

First, write about the various features of the SAMADHAN strategy – S-smart leadership, A-aggressive strategy, M-motivation and training, A-actionable intelligence, D-dashboard-based KPIs (key performance indicators) and KRAs (key result areas), H-harnessing technology, A-action plan for each theatre and N-no access to financing.

Next, write about the need to balanced approach on security and development fronts to tackle left wing extremism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The only person you should try to be better than is the person you were yesterday.” – Anonymous.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how there exist false notions of superiority based of class, profession, caste and religion etc. Bring out that despite these distinctions there is no “superiority” and it is just a part of egoism. Mention that being superior to oneself – as in being a better that you were yesterday makes you a truly superior person. Cite examples of substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

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