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While the South China Sea holds strategic importance for India, navigating the complex geopolitical dynamics and managing challenges posed by Chinese assertiveness require a careful and nuanced approach. Elaborate.

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. While the South China Sea holds strategic importance for India, navigating the complex geopolitical dynamics and managing challenges posed by Chinese assertiveness require a careful and nuanced approach. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

New Delhi’s strategic recalibration recognises the South China Sea’s critical importance to regional security and the global maritime order.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of South China sea to India and bottlenecks it faces in the region.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Bring out the historic context of South China Sea.

Body:

In the first part of the body, write about the strategic importance of South China sea for India – vital maritime trade route, economic interests in energy exploration, and security concerns for maintaining stability and freedom of navigation etc.

Next, write about the bottlenecks it faces in the region – Chinese assertiveness, limited naval presence, diplomatic balancing, and legal constraints in engaging with the region etc.

Next, write about careful diplomacy and strategic manoeuvring to safeguard India’s interests while promoting regional stability.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.