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India recognizes the potential of the Arctic as a future source of resources and its engagement in the region is guided by broader considerations of environmental sustainability and global climate action.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

1. India recognizes the potential of the Arctic as a future source of resources and its engagement in the region is guided by broader considerations of environmental sustainability and global climate action. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

While the Indian government seems keen to benefit from seabed mining and resource exploitation in the Arctic, it ought to unequivocally back a sustainable mode of extraction.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of Arctic region and features of India’s arctic policy.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the extent of Arctic region.

Body:

In the first part, write about the climatic importance of Arctic – world’s climate in balance, circulate the world’s ocean currents, moving cold and warm water around the globe etc.

Next, write about economic importance – huge commercial and economic opportunities, particularly in shipping, energy, fisheries and mineral resources etc.

Next, write about the key features of India’s arctic policy – actively engages in the Arctic region through scientific research expeditions, contributing to global understanding of climate change, potential as a future resource hub etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.