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In recent years, India has adopted a proactive policy aimed at transforming the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Examine the strategic and economic importance of Andaman & Nicobar Islands for India.

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. In recent years, India has adopted a proactive policy aimed at transforming the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Examine the strategic and economic importance of Andaman & Nicobar Islands for India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The new thrust on developing strategic infrastructure, both civilian and military, on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is decades overdue.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the importance of Andaman & Nicobar Islands both strategically and economically for India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief on the geographical location of Andaman & Nicobar Islands with respect to mainland India.

Body:

Mention the economic importance such as the prospects of blue economy, tourism sector and strategic importance such as critical role it plays in India’s engagement with the East Asian nations, potential to act as a check on Chinese aggression in the seas, access to important trade routes and sea routes etc. Next mention the need to develop the island to harness its importance through regional infrastructure development as well as robust policy formulation.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the island is filled with best opportunities and needs to be harnessed rightly for India’s benefit.