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The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) represents a significant milestone in international efforts to address biodiversity loss. Discuss.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) represents a significant milestone in international efforts to address biodiversity loss. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) and key takeaways from COP15.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of COP15.

Body:

First, write about Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) and its components.

Next, write in detail about the various takeaways from the COP15 – 30×30 initiative, Conservation, protection and restoration, Monitoring and reporting progress, Pollution and pesticides, Harmful subsidies etc.

Next, write about the measures that needs to be taken to achieve the above targets.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.