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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 4 April 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies

1. What are the causes for urban poverty in India? Discuss the measures that can be taken in order to end urban poverty in the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The India Employment Report (IER) 2024 by the Institute for Human Development and International Labour shows a divergent trend between rural and urban areas in terms of employment and income.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes of urban poverty and steps that are needed in order to end it.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving statistic about the numbers of urban poor in India

Body:

First, mention the various causes of poverty in Urban areas and how it is much more severe than the rural areas.

Next, write about the measures that are needed in order to end urban poverty – minimum wages, social security, food and nutritional security and rehabilitation and resettlement, Housing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. While the Kathchatheevu Island issue may remain a point of contention between India and Sri Lanka, it should not overshadow the broader imperative of strengthening bilateral ties for mutual benefit. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressTimes of India

Why the question:

A small, uninhabited island that is part of Sri Lanka has sparked a political row in India weeks before general elections kick off.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Indo-Lanka relations, challenges especially withr respect to Kathchatheevu island and ways to iron out differences.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of India- Sri Lankan relations in the past and how it has changed over time.

Body:

First, write the issue of Kathchatheevu island and its impact on Indo-Lanka bilateral relations.

Next, suggest strategies to deal with differences in order to maintain close relations for mutal benefit.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. The Environment Protection Act, 1986 remains an important piece of legislation in India’s environmental regulatory framework, and continued efforts are needed to ensure its effective implementation and enforcement. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: en.wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the provisions of the Environment Protection Act, its strengths and limitations.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about the objectives of Environment Protection Act.

Body:

First, write about the major revisions of Environment Protection Act – set standards for emissions and discharge of environmental pollutants, establishes regulatory bodies to regulate pollution, and provides for the regulation of hazardous substances., penalties and punishment for violation of its provisions.

Next, write about the strengths and limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) outlines India’s strategy to address the challenges posed by climate change. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) potential to achieve sustainable development.

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the aims and objectives of climate change.

Body:

Write about 8 parts of NAPCC – which are aimed at ensuring both developments and combat climate crisis. Cite examples to substantiate the points as to how they achieve convergence. Hint: National solar mission is aimed achieving energy security as well as clean energy.

Next, write about the limitation of the above to tackle climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. What is a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF)? Analyse India’s vulnerabilities to GLOF. Is India prepared and equipped to handle a GLOF disaster? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

 Rising temperatures have increased the risk of glacial lake bursts of the kind that devastated the Kedarnath valley in 2013 and parts of Chamoli in 2021. Uttarakhand has commissioned a GLOF risk-assessment study.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about GLOF, India’s vulnerability and preparedness in tackling it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a GLOF.

Body:

First, write about how vulnerable India is to a GLOF. Cite statistics to substantiate and previous GLOF disaster faced by India.

Next, write about preparedness of India in handling a GLOF disaster – mention the steps that have been already taken, their strengths and limitations. Mention further steps that can be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6.  What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Moral wounds have this peculiarity – they may be hidden, but they never close; always painful, always ready to bleed when touched, they remain fresh and open in the heart.” ― Alexandre Dumas

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about as to what you understand by moral wounds and how they are manifested. Mention about how they do not heal – as loss of morality can never be compensated. Cite examples.

Next, suggest ways to heal moral wounds to an extent.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well.” ― Descartes

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how not having a good mind is enough as it will lead to no action. It is necessary to put that good mind to create a better society. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

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