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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 April 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc;

1. What are the primary factors contributing to the escalation in severe cyclonic storm occurrences in India, and how can effective mitigation and adaptation strategies be implemented to address this growing challenge? Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint , Insights on India

Why the question:

A “sudden” storm wreaked havoc in parts of Jalpaiguri district in northern West Bengal on Sunday, claiming four lives. Over 100 others have reportedly been injured in the storm.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention about causes behind severe cyclonic storms and measures needed to mitigate and adapt to it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving context.

Body:

In the first part of the body, start by mentioning the various causes of severe cyclonic storm – climate change, ocean warming, changes in atmospheric circulation patterns, urbanization, deforestation, poor infrastructure, and natural climate variability etc.

Next, mention ways to mitigate and adapt – reducing greenhouse gas emissions, enhancing coastal resilience through better infrastructure and land use planning, restoring natural barriers like mangroves and wetlands, improving disaster preparedness and response mechanisms,

Conclusion:

Write a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2.  Separation of powers and judicial review are integral components of a democracy, providing essential mechanisms to prevent tyranny, protect individual rights, and uphold the rule of law. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express , Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

As the Chief Justice of India pointed out recently, access to the Supreme Court is available to all, no matter how big or small.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of separation of power and judicial review.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by defining separation of power.

Body:

First, write about the separation of power and its importance – prevent the concentration of power in any one branch of government, each branch has its own distinct powers and responsibilities, ensuring a system of checks and balances etc.

Next, write about judicial review and its importance – part of basic structure of the constitution, empowers the judiciary to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches, trike down laws or executive actions that are found to be unconstitutional etc. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. By adopting a comprehensive approach that addresses both the medical and socio-economic dimensions of HIV/AIDS, India can make further progress in reducing HIV incidence and improving the quality of life for those affected by the virus. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

April 1, marks a very important day in the history of response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in India. Twenty years ago, on April 1, 2004, the Indian government had launched Free Antiretroviral Therapy (ART), for Persons living with HIV (PLHIV), a decision which has proven one of the successful and a key intervention in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the reasons why India has been able to achieve positive results in the fight against AIDS and also highlight the challenges that we are yet to overcome.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the progress India has achieved in its fight against AIDS.

Body:

First, give a brief account of the steps taken by the government in fight against AIDS – NACP, role of NACO, the HIV and AIDS Bill which prohibits discrimination amongst others etc.

Next, mention about the unending stigma faced by AIDS survivors in housing, employment, own family etc.

Next, mention the various inequalities faced gender inequalities, discrimination against the high-risk groups, inequalities invoice, income inequality and work on to provide social protection to the infected and affected population. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to end stigma against AIDS and address the inequalities.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Project Tiger has put the species on an assured course of recovery from the brink of extinction, apart from conserving the floral and faunal genetic diversity in our ecosystem. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements of project tiger in India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining the aims and objectives behind the launch of project tiger.

Body:

First, write about the crisis in tiger population before the launch of Project Tiger. Mention the steps that were introduced as part of tiger conservation efforts.

Next, evaluate in success in achieving improvements in tiger numbers. Also, mention the various how it also conserved the local flora and fauna of ecosystems.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the need to keep up the conservation efforts.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are confronted with a grave threat as they experience habitat loss and fragmentation due to various developmental projects and encroachment activities. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats faced by the wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning that The Union Government has established a country-wide protected area network for protection of these species and their habitats of threatened flora and fauna under Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

Body:

First, write about the threats to wildlife sanctuaries and national parks from habitat loss. Substantiate with examples. For e.g: Clearance of partis of Valley of flowers for Chardham road project.

Next, write the reasons for decline in key species – due to over-collection to supply domestic and foreign medicinal markets, over exploitation, forest degradation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6. Integrity isn’t fidelity to your beliefs. It’s fidelity to seeking the truth. Comment. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Directive Word:

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a definition of Integrity.

Body:

Write about the various dimensions of Integrity and mention how it is important to uphold the value for the purpose of the value in itself as promoting truth and not as an aspect of one’s belief with few examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the aspects stressed in body of the answer and conclude Integrity as a core aspect of truth.

 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions;

7. Write a short note on deontological ethics. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4,

Key Demand of the question:

To write about deontological ethics in detail.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining deontology.

Body:

Explain that Deontology is duty ethics, so it compares a person’s actions against some duty or imperative. Discuss the rationale behind it. Write about the significance of the deontological ethics and with suitable illustrations explain it. Write about its critique.

 Conclusion:

Completed by summarising their importance.

 

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