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Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR) data

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: TH

 Context: An analysis by the Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR) reveals concerning statistics about sitting Lok Sabha MPs in India.


Key Findings:

  • Out of 514 MPs analyzed, 44% face criminal charges, with 29% facing serious charges like murder, attempt to murder, and crimes against women.
  • Among those facing serious charges, nine have murder cases against them.
  • Additionally, 5% of sitting MPs are billionaires, with assets exceeding ₹100 crore.
  • Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Himachal Pradesh stand out with more than 50% of their MPs facing criminal charges.
  • The report also provides insights into the educational background, age, and gender distribution among sitting MPs, revealing that 73% have graduate or higher educational qualifications, while only 15% are women.


The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) is a non-partisan, non-governmental organization in India that works for electoral and political reforms, and to strengthen democracy and improve governance.

It was founded in 1999 by professors from the Indian Institute of Management (IIM).

The ADR’s goals include: Electoral and political reforms, Empowering the electorate, Greater accountability of political parties, and Inner-party democracy and transparency.