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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 March 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Syllabus: Economic Geography: Urban Mass Transport

Q1. What do you understand by ‘Multimodal Transport Systems’? Discuss its role in addressing urban transportation challenges. How can the creation of the Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMTA) further help in addressing those challenges? (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Business Standards

Why the question?

The question addresses the concept of multimodal transport systems and their significance in tackling urban transportation challenges. The BS article discusses the need for Indian cities to create a Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMTA). 

Key Demand of the question: To explain the concept of multimodal transport systems, discuss their role in addressing urban transportation challenges, and analyze how the creation of the Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMTA) can help in overcoming these challenges.

Directive word: Discuss – When asked to ‘Discuss,’ candidates are required to examine the topic from various perspectives, present arguments for and against, and provide a well-rounded analysis.

Structure of the Answer: Introduction:

Begin by defining multimodal transport systems and highlighting their significance in urban transportation planning.

Body:

First, explain the concept of multimodal transport systems, emphasizing their integration of different modes of transportation, such as road, rail, waterways, and air, to provide seamless and efficient mobility options for urban residents.

Next, discuss the role of multimodal transport systems in addressing urban transportation challenges. Explore how they can improve accessibility, reduce congestion, enhance mobility, and promote sustainability in cities.

Next, Analyze how the creation of the Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMTA) can help in addressing urban transportation challenges. Discuss the functions and responsibilities of UMTA, such as coordinating transportation planning, implementing integrated transport policies, and regulating transportation services across metropolitan areas.

Provide examples of cities or regions where the establishment of UMTA has led to improvements in transportation planning, infrastructure development, and service delivery.

Conclusion:

Highlight the need for integrated and collaborative approaches to urban transportation planning to create more efficient, equitable, and sustainable cities.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Syllabus: Indian Economy: Employment/Unemployment

 Q2. Analyse the macroeconomic factors contributing to high unemployment rates in India. Is achieving employment goals contingent on a dedicated focus beyond rapid GDP growth? Comment (250 Words)

 Difficulty level: Moderate

 Reference: ILO: India Employment Report

Why the question: The question addresses the complex issue of unemployment in India and challenges candidates to critically analyze the macroeconomic factors influencing high unemployment rates. The question is taken from the recently released ILO: India Employment Report 2024

Key Demand of the question: To analyze the macroeconomic factors contributing to high unemployment rates in India, assess whether achieving employment goals depends on factors beyond rapid GDP growth, and provide a comment on this issue.

Directive word: Analyse – When asked to ‘Analyse,’ candidates are required to examine the topic in detail, identify key factors, and provide a comprehensive understanding. They should critically assess the relationship between macroeconomic factors and unemployment rates and evaluate the role of GDP growth in achieving employment goals.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction: Begin by acknowledging the significance of addressing high unemployment rates in India in light of ILO: India Employment Report 2024

Body: First, analyse the macroeconomic factors contributing to high unemployment rates in India. This may include factors such as population growth, technological advancements, labour market regulations, skill mismatches, and cyclical fluctuations in the economy.

Next, assess whether achieving employment goals depends on factors beyond rapid GDP growth. List down the limitations of relying solely on GDP growth as a measure of economic progress and employment generation. Consider the quality of growth, income distribution, and sectoral composition of the economy in relation to employment generation.

Provide examples of countries or regions where rapid GDP growth has not necessarily translated into significant improvements in employment opportunities or reductions in unemployment rates.

Highlight the importance of targeted policies and interventions to address structural challenges in the labour market, promote skill development, encourage entrepreneurship, and foster inclusive growth.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing the need for a multifaceted approach to addressing high unemployment rates in India, which goes beyond focusing solely on rapid GDP growth.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Q3. The price of India’s development is evident in the degradation of its soil. How can India achieve a balance between development and preventing soil degradation? (250 Words)

 Difficulty Level: Moderate

 Reference: Insights ias

 Why the question?

 The question addresses the pressing issue of soil degradation in India, which is a significant concern for sustainable development. The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies Paper – 3 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To discuss strategies for achieving a balance between development and preventing soil degradation in India.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction: Begin by acknowledging the impact of development on soil degradation in India.

Body:

First, discuss the major developmental factors contributing to soil degradation in India, such as agricultural practices, industrial activities, urbanization, and deforestation.

Next, explore potential strategies for preventing soil degradation while promoting development. This may include implementing sustainable agricultural practices, afforestation programs, soil conservation measures, and stricter regulations on industrial pollution.

Provide examples of successful initiatives or policies implemented in India or other countries to address soil degradation.

Conclude by emphasizing the importance of finding a balance between development and environmental conservation to ensure the long-term sustainability of India’s soil resources.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Q4. Microplastics are said to be the ‘Silent Pollutants’ harming Our Planet. What are the health implications of microplastics for humans and other organisms? Why is finding an effective solution challenging? (250 Words)

Difficulty Level: Difficulty level: Moderate

 Reference: Insights ias

Why the question?

The question addresses the significant environmental issue of microplastic pollution and its health implications for humans and other organisms. The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies Paper – 3 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To examine the health implications of microplastics for humans and other organisms, as well as the challenges associated with finding effective solutions to this issue.

 Structure of the Answer:

Introduction: Start by defining microplastics and highlighting their status as ‘Silent Pollutants’ that pose significant threats to the environment and human health.

Body:

First, discuss the health implications of microplastics for humans, including potential risks associated with ingestion, inhalation, and dermal exposure. Also, explore the impacts on other organisms, such as marine life and terrestrial wildlife.

Next, list down the challenges in finding effective solutions to mitigate microplastic pollution. This may include factors such as the ubiquity and persistence of microplastics in the environment, limited understanding of their long-term effects, difficulties in monitoring and regulation, and the complexities of cleaning up existing pollution.

Provide examples of ongoing research or initiatives aimed at addressing microplastic pollution and their limitations or areas for improvement.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing the urgency of addressing microplastic pollution to safeguard human health and environmental integrity.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Syllabus: Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration

Q5. How can administrative discretion be harnessed for the greater good, and what are the potential repercussions when it’s abused? Provide examples to illustrate your points. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics in Public Administration

Why the question: The question delves into the ethical considerations surrounding administrative discretion, exploring its potential benefits and risks. The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question: To discuss how administrative discretion can be used for the greater good, identify potential repercussions of its abuse, and provide examples to support these arguments.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction: Begin by defining administrative discretion and its significance in decision-making processes within organizations and government agencies.

Body:

First, write how administrative discretion can be harnessed for the greater good. This may include examples of using discretion to adapt policies to specific circumstances, prioritize public welfare, and respond to emergencies or crises effectively.

Next, list down the potential repercussions when administrative discretion is abused. Discuss examples of misuse, such as corruption, favouritism, discrimination, and negligence, and their detrimental effects on organizational integrity, public trust, and social justice.

Provide examples of ethical dilemmas involving administrative discretion, such as allocating limited resources, making personnel decisions, and implementing policies with conflicting interests.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing the ethical imperative of exercising administrative discretion responsibly to uphold the principles of fairness, justice, and the greater good.

 

Syllabus: Probity in Governance

Q6. What is the purpose of an integrity pact? How does it contribute to promoting transparency and accountability in government contracts and procurement processes? (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Probity in Governance

Why the question: The question addresses the significance of integrity pacts in ensuring transparency and accountability in government contracts and procurement processes. The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the Question: To explain the purpose of integrity pacts, analyse their contributions to promoting transparency and accountability in government contracts and procurement processes, and provide examples to illustrate these points.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction: Start by defining what an integrity pact is

Body:

First, explain the purpose of an integrity pact, highlighting its role in preventing corruption, ensuring fair competition, and upholding ethical standards in procurement processes.

Next, list how integrity pacts contribute to promoting transparency and accountability. Discuss how they establish clear guidelines and procedures for bidding and contracting, require disclosure of relevant information, and facilitate independent monitoring and oversight of procurement activities.

Provide examples of successful implementation of integrity pacts in different countries or organizations and their impact on reducing corruption and improving governance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing the importance of integrity pacts in fostering trust, integrity, and public confidence in government procurement processes.

 

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