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Water pollution in India arises from various sources, each contributing to the deterioration of water quality with a plethora of short term and long-term consequences. Examine.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Water pollution in India arises from various sources, each contributing to the deterioration of water quality with a plethora of short term and long-term consequences. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of water pollution, its short term and long term consequences and ways to deal with it.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining water pollution.

Body:

First, cite statistics indicating the level and extent of water pollution in the country.

Next, write about the causes of water pollution in the country – Industry, agriculture and livestock farming, Rubbish and faecal water dumping, Maritime traffic and Fuel spillages etc.

Next, write about the short and long-term consequences for the above. Cite examples and facts to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning various measures that need taken to tackle water pollution.