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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 March 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. Mangroves hold crucial resources that can help protect the rich and diverse biosphere. Nature-based solutions offer a holistic and sustainable approach to protect mangroves in India. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

According to the environmental study report, four million tonnes of microplastics are released into the Bay of Bengal and the Sundarbans each year from various rivers in Bangladesh and India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of Mangroves and role of nature based solutions in protecting them.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by briefly writing about mangroves and their ecosystem.

Body:

First, you can draw simple and illustrative of map showing important mangroves in India.

Next, write about the ecological and economic benefits of mangroves as well as its unique flora and fauna, role of mangroves as the first line of defence against erosion and flooding etc.

Next, write about the various threats that mangroves are facing which is making them ecologically fragile and climatically vulnerable such as Coastal development, clearing for agriculture, excessive Aquaculture &Salt Production, River changes: Dams and irrigation, Destruction of coral reefs, Pollution and Climate change etc. Cite necessary examples, facts and figures to substantiate your point.

Next, write about nature-based solutions as a remedy to the above problems.

Conclusion:

Write a way forward to protect the Mangrove ecosystem of India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2. What are some of the major issues faced in the Indian democratic political process? Discuss strategies that could improve India’s democratic political process through reform. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

All traditional sites of consensus-building — public discourse, civil society, and political parties — have evolved to structurally impede dialectical cooperation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about democratic political process, issues in it and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about democratic political process and its components.

 Body:

First, write in detail, the various issues in India’s democratic political process – corruption, criminalization of politics, dynastic rule, lack of accountability, and identity-based politics etc.

Next, write about the potential reforms that can be undertaken in this regard – strengthen anti-corruption measures, implement electoral reforms, enhance political transparency, empower civil society, and promote inclusive politics etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

3. Critically analyse the various issues pertaining to Section 5 of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885. Suggest measures that could be taken to prevent unwarranted surveillance and its misuse by agencies. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

About a fortnight ago, a deputy superintendent of police at the state’s Special Intelligence Branch (SIB) was arrested for allegedly tapping the phones of a large number of people.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Section 5 of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, its need and issues in it, ways to prevent unwarranted state surveillance.

Directive word:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly by writing about aims of Section 5 of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885.

Body:

First, write about the major features of Section 5 of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 and its need.

Next, mention in detail various issues in it – privacy infringement and unwarranted state surveillance due to its broad language and lack of safeguards etc.

Next, mention the steps that are needed to rectify the above shortcomings – stricter legal standards, legislative or judicial oversight, transparency, privacy safeguards, independent review bodies, and public awareness campaigns are essential.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Water pollution in India arises from various sources, each contributing to the deterioration of water quality with a plethora of short term and long-term consequences. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of water pollution, its short term and long term consequences and ways to deal with it.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining water pollution.

Body:

First, cite statistics indicating the level and extent of water pollution in the country.

Next, write about the causes of water pollution in the country – Industry, agriculture and livestock farming, Rubbish and faecal water dumping, Maritime traffic and Fuel spillages etc.

Next, write about the short and long-term consequences for the above. Cite examples and facts to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning various measures that need taken to tackle water pollution.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Noise pollution is a pressing issue in India. Concerted efforts are needed to mitigate noise pollution and safeguard public health and environmental well-being. Examine.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of noise pollution and steps needed to combat it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining noise pollution.

Body:

First, write about the impact of noise pollution on human health and on environment.

Next, write about the various steps that are needed to tackle noise pollution in the country – regulatory measures must be strengthened and enforced, noise monitoring improved, public awareness campaigns conducted, and noise control measures implemented in urban planning and transportation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics;

6. Is abortion morally justified? debate on the ethicality of abortions.  (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To debate upon the ethicality of abortion.

Directive word: 

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and mentioning the ethical dilemmas associated with the act of abortion.

Body:

First, argue on the how abortion is unethical on the basis of abortion is deliberate killing of an innocent human being, A foetus as Moral personhood, Rights of the foetus and Causing pain.

Next, argue on the side of ethicality of abortion. foetus is not necessarily a ‘person’, rights of the mother’s bodily autonomy, dangers to mothers’ health etc.

Conclusion:

Pass a balanced judgement on the ethicality of the act of abortion.

 

Topic: challenges of corruption.

7. By implementing anti-corruption measures, countries can promote economic development, social progress, and citizen well-being. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the importance of fighting corruption.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving importance of having a corruptionless public service delivery.

Body:

Write about the importance of fighting corruption – creates jobs, achieves gender equality, and secures wider access to essential services such as healthcare and education etc. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning various ways to fight corruption in public service.

 

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