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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 March 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1.  In the context of the World Happiness Report 2024, what criteria are used to measure happiness? Should India consider establishing its own happiness index? Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The World Happiness Report for 2024 ranks Finns the happiest, with India at No. 126. Perhaps we need a more people-centric approach that results in a more even distribution of economic gains.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the criteria of Happiness measurement and need for India to have its own index.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the factors that measures happiness of the people – GDP per head, social support, life expectancy and freedom, apart from levels of generosity and corruption etc.

Next, write about the need of a happiness index in the country and advantages it will bring.

Next, write about the bottlenecks and issues associated with such an index in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2. Forced counselling is a violation of the fundamental rights of LGBTIA+ individuals. Discuss the measures needed to protect the rights and well-being of LGBTIA+ individuals and creating more inclusive and equitable communities. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Supreme Court has cautioned judges against using the court-ordered counselling of members of the LGBTQ+ community as a way to turn them against their own identity and sexual orientation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evolution of LGBTQIA+ rights, the impact of forced counselling and measure need to address it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the evolution of LGBTQIA+ rights in India.

Next, write about forced counselling and how it is ultra vires to fundamental rights mentioned in the constitution.

Next, suggest steps to ensure that equality in true nature is achieved for the LGBTQIA+ community.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. The Planning Commission and its Five-Year Plans contributed to significant economic and social development in India; however, they also faced numerous challenges and limitations. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the successes and limitations of five-year plans and the limitations of planning commission.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about aims of the planning commission.

Body:

First, in detail write about the growth of Indian economy in the various FYPs from the first plan to the twelfth plan. Write about its successes and limitations.

Next, write about the major limitations of the planning commission – No structural mechanism, Ineffective forum, one size fits all approach, bureaucratic inefficiency, inefficient allocation of resources, limited private sector participation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the genesis of NITI Aayog.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. The Liberalization, Privatization, and Globalization (LPG) reforms of 1991 played a significant role in transforming India’s economy, promoting growth, and attracting foreign investment. However, they also brought about social, environmental, and economic challenges that need to be addressed through further policy interventions and reforms. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about achievements and limitations of LPG reforms in India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the LPG reforms.

Body:

First, in detail write about the LPG and their major achievements – increase economic growth, attract foreign investment, and improve competitiveness. Cite statistic and examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the shortcomings of LPG reforms – increased inequality, dependency on foreign capital, limited benefits to agriculture, and environmental degradation etc.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome the shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion on LPG reforms.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. The management of electronic waste, or e-waste, is becoming a critical issue both domestically and globally due to its environmental and health impacts. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The world produced a whopping 62 billion kg of electronic waste (e-waste) in 2022. That number is projected to rise to 82 billion kg in 2030.

Key Demand of the question: 

To mention the cause for the exponential growth of e waste across the world and effective measures to check it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving few facts regarding the rising number of e waste production every year.

Body:

Firstly, highlight the various factors leading to high amount of e waste generation such as low product life cycle, technology getting redundant very quickly, low opportunities for repairs and recycles etc and impact of this on developing countries like India wand environment.

Next, suggest various measures to control and minimise the cause of e waste production, highlight some of the provisions of e waste management rules,2016 and also the benefits of recycling e waste.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

6. What is probity? Discuss the importance of probity in the public sphere. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is Probity.

Body:

Argue on the lines that for a moral society, it is necessary for all the stakeholders- the government, the corporate and the civil society must express the highest levels of probity in public life. Congruence and alignment of morality among the stakeholders is a major prerequisite to ensure a harmonious and ethic al existence of all the players promoting a just society. Illustrate the same with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that Probity is one of the main pillars for a just society.

 

Topic: Work culture, Quality of service delivery,

7. What are the factors that create and maintain a culture of ethical behaviour at the workplace? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about components of ethical workplace culture and ways to build it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing an ethical work culture.

Body:

Write about the major factors that create and maintain a culture of ethical behaviour – leadership, organizational structure, policies and procedures, training and communication, rewards and recognition, organizational values, and industry norms and regulations.

Next, write about ways to build ethical workplace culture and environment.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

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