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The gender pay gap has significant implications for both gender equality and economic growth. Analyse. Suggest steps that are needed to close the gender pay gap in the country.

Topic: Social empowerment

1. The gender pay gap has significant implications for both gender equality and economic growth. Analyse. Suggest steps that are needed to close the gender pay gap in the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express.Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the issue of the gender pay gap in the workforce.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of gender wage gap prevalent in India, its impact, and suggest suitable measures to overcome them.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving background of the issue and relevant statistics.

Body:

First, write about the Factors leading to gender gap viz. – The primary industries in the state and the opportunities they create; Demographics such as race/ethnicity, age, and education level; Regional differences in attitudes and beliefs about work and gender; and Differences in the scope and rength of state pay discrimination laws and policies.

Next, mention the impact of the above.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above issues and address the pay gap.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.