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India faces several security challenges in the Indian Ocean region, which include traditional maritime threats, as well as emerging challenges of the twenty first century. Analyse.

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations.

2.  India faces several security challenges in the Indian Ocean region, which include traditional maritime threats, as well as emerging challenges of the twenty first century. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

While the Indian government’s focus from January 2021 was fixed on the Indo-Pacific with a sustained endeavour to strengthen the Quad, policy attention has shifted back to the Indian Ocean since October 2023.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the security challenges in the Indian Ocean Region and strategy to deal with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the traditional challenges in Indian Ocean region – security threats, including piracy, maritime terrorism, and geopolitical rivalries etc.

Next, write about the emerging challenges in Indian Ocean region – extra-regional powers, competition for resources, and environmental concerns.

Next, write about the strategy that is needed to counter the above – cooperation with other countries, enhancing maritime capabilities, and diplomatic initiatives etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.