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Critically analyse the National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy, aimed to promote creativity and innovation in the country while protecting intellectual property rights.

Topic: issues relating to intellectual property rights

5. Critically analyse the National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy, aimed to promote creativity and innovation in the country while protecting intellectual property rights. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To evaluate the performance of IPR regime in India and to suggest changes to IPR policy to balance protecting patents while prioritising national interest.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by giving an overview of IPR regime in India. Give stats with respect to applied and approved IPR’s.

Body:

In the first part, give brief overview of National IPR Policy, 2016 and mention the challenges in enforcing Intellectual property rights (IPR) in India – procedural and substantive constraints, legal aspects, conflict with competition law, low awareness, counterfeiting and piracy, IP Financing, etc.

Mention IPR regime has gained further significance in light of the Government’s focus on ‘Make in India’ and ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ and Covid-19 pandemic.

Next write about changes that are needed to National IPR Policy in order balance between protecting the rights of the IPR holders and national interest.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.