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What is agrobiodiversity? Discuss the role played by climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in preserving agrobiodiversity.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

5. What is agrobiodiversity? Discuss the role played by climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in preserving agrobiodiversity. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

In July 2023, Dasra, a strategic philanthropy organisation, along with think tank Observer Research Foundation (ORF) launched a report titled Our Uncommon Future: Intersectionality of Climate Change and SDGs in the Global South, which explores the impact of climate change on Sustainable Development Goals and on food insecurity and malnutrition.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about agrobiodiversity and the role climate smart agriculture can play in preserving it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining agrobiodiversity.

Body:

First, write about describing various threats faced agrobiodiversity in the country.

Next, write about how climate smart agriculture can play a part in preserving it – increase sustainable productivity, strengthen farmers’ resilience, reduce agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.