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INFAAR 2019-22 Report

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: DTE

 Context: The FAO and ICAR released the first national report on AMR surveillance (INFAAR 2019-22 Report) in India’s fisheries and livestock sectors.


What is INFAAR?

ICAR, supported by FAO, initiated INFAAR (Indian Network for Fishery and Animal Antimicrobial Resistance) in 2017 to monitor AMR in the aquaculture and veterinary sectors.


What is AMR?

AMR stands for Antimicrobial Resistance. It occurs when microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc., evolve and become resistant to antimicrobial medicines, rendering them ineffective in treating infections. For instance, oxytocin misuse in the dairy industry contributes to this issue.


Key findings of the INFAAR Report:

  1. Staphylococcus displayed notably high resistance (60% or higher) to penicillin in the fisheries sector.
  2. Higher resistance was noted in the livestock sector, particularly among E coli and Staphylococci.
  3. Antibiotic usage might be elevated among organized and contractual farming practices.

The (INFAAR) collected data from 2019-2022, covering 3 aquaculture systems and major food-producing animals.


Other initiatives:

  1. AMR Surveillance Network
  2. National One Health Program for Prevention and Control of Zoonoses
  3. Integrated One Health Surveillance Network for Antimicrobial Resistance
  4. GLASS IT Platform is a web-based platform for global data sharing on AMR
  5. Operation Amrith (AMRITH – Antimicrobial Resistance Intervention For Total Health)