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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 March 2024

 

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

1. What criteria does the Finance Commission consider when devolving funds to the states? Examine the issues related to it and suggest measures that the Sixteenth Finance Commission must take to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of funds among the states. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough   

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The articles discusses issue of decline in shares of allocation of some States by the Finance Commission.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the criteria for fund devolution and measures needed for an equitable allotment.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the giving the context of article 280.

Body:

In the first part, write about the criteria used by the Finance Commission to devolve funds – income distance, population size, area and geographical features, fiscal discipline, tax effort and revenue capacity, demographic performance, special needs of states etc.

In the next part, mention the major issues with respect to the above – reducing devolution to certain states, geographical disparities, recognition of special state needs etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to have a fair and equitable distribution of funds among the states.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;

2. Prohibiting judges from participating in politics is a crucial step to uphold judicial independence. Analyse. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Ex-Calcutta HC Judge Abhijit Gangopadhyay is not the first judge to join politics, but his pronouncement that as a sitting judge he was in touch with the BJP has cast aspersions on his orders, often critical of the TMC government in West Bengal.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about preventing judges from joining politics to uphold judicial independence.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the need of preventing judges from joining politics – ensures the separation of powers, upholds impartiality, preserves the integrity of the judiciary, prevents political interference, and contributes to a positive public perception of the legal system etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to do so.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019 remains a complex and divisive issue, prompting ongoing discussions about its role in the Indian socio-political landscape. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintIndian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

With the implementation of the CAA, non-Muslim migrants from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan can easily get Indian citizenship.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the pros and cons of CAA 2019.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the giving the context of The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019.

Body:

In the first part, write about the major features of The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019.

In the next part, write about the considerations behind the CAA 2019 – addresses the persecution of religious minorities in neighbouring countries, humanitarian intent etc.

Next, mention the major limitations of the act – discriminatory and violating India’s secular principles, protests against the act in certain parts of the country, not recognising all refugees etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

4. Addressing the challenges faced by Regional Rural Banks is crucial for their sustained success in promoting rural development. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the role of RRBs, challenges faced them and steps to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) as financial institutions and their aims.

Body:

First, write about role played by RRBs in rural development – providing access to credit, promoting financial inclusion, creating jobs, contributing to rural development, and acting as a channel for the delivery of government schemes.

Next, write about the limitations of RRBs- including low capital base, asset quality issues, lack of skilled manpower, inadequate technology, governance issues, and financial sustainability.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Throw light on major issues facing the banking sector in India in the recent times. Suggest measures that will ensure long-term viability of the banking sector. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various banking reforms, its successes and limitations and further reforms that are needed for long term viability of baking sector.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the recent issues in the banking sector – high NPAs, inadequate capitalization, technological adaptation issues, governance and risk management concerns, financial inclusion gaps etc.

Next, suggest reforms that must be taken in order to overcome the above mentioned limitations  – strengthening governance, addressing asset quality issues, ensuring adequate capital levels, investing in technology upgrades, promoting credit growth, and ensuring a robust regulatory framework.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6. What is Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology? Mission Divyastra marks a very important milestone in India’s march towards greater geo-strategic role and capabilities. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Printpib.gov.in

Why the question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi today announced the development of “Mission Divyastra” — an indigenously developed, landmark weapons system that alters the country’s geopolitic and strategic position and significantly changes the situation in southeast Asia.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about MIRV technology and significance of Mission Divyastra.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of Agni-V and mission Divyastra.

Body:

First, explain the MIRV technology in detail.

Next, write about the importance of Mission Divyastra – advancement in India’s strategic capabilities, strategic deterrence, demonstrates India’s technological prowess and places it among a select group of nations with MIRV capability, mastering miniaturized nuclear warhead technology etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about importance of the above.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. The guidance provided by parents forms the bedrock of a child’s moral development. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of family in providing emotional and ethical foundation to their children.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by mentioning the role of family in inculcating values in children.

Body:

First, write about family as an institution of socialization for a person is his/her family. Since values have an affective component, family plays a major role in an individual subscribing to certain values. Mention as to how these lay foundation to strong emotional and ethical foundation in children’s life.

Next, write about the importance of above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

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