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‘Measles and Rubella Champion’ Award

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: PIB

 

Context: India has been honoured with the prestigious Measles and Rubella Champion Award by The Measles and Rubella Partnership at the American Red Cross Headquarters in Washington D.C., USA.

  • The partnership, comprising various organizations dedicated to reducing global measles deaths and preventing rubella illness, applauds India’s commitment to public health and leadership in controlling these infectious diseases, particularly among children.

Measles is a highly contagious disease that can cause death in young children. It can cause brain damage, deafness, and blindness. The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is safe and highly effective in preventing rubella. The WHO recommends two doses of the measles vaccine to ensure immunity and prevent outbreaks. 

 

Rubella is a contagious viral infection that can cause birth defects. It’s also known as German measles or three-day measles. Rubella is not as infectious or as severe as measles. It’s caused by the rubella virus and spreads when people breathe in virus-infected fluid or direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected individuals.