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Penicillin G

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: IE
Context: India is set to restart the manufacturing of the common antibiotic Penicillin G after three decades, with Hyderabad-based Aurobindo Pharma leading the initiative.

  • The halt in Penicillin manufacturing in India during the ’90s was primarily due to cheaper Chinese products flooding the market, rendering Indian production unviable.

About Penicillin G:

Benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) is a narrow-spectrum antibiotic used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria. It is a natural penicillin antibiotic that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly due to poor oral absorption.

The government’s Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme, launched during the pandemic to promote domestic manufacturing, has played a crucial role in restarting production by offering incentives to companies on incremental sales.

An active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) is the main ingredient in a medicine that causes the desired effect.