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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 March 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization

1. Self-Help Groups (SHGs) empower women and make them self-reliant by inculcating the habit of savings and proper use of financial resources. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

In India, women self-help groups have been a source of empowerment, fostering economic independence, social stature & community resilience.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of SHGs in women empowerment and suggest innovative measures to improve their performance.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining SHGs and the origin and growth of the SHG movement in India.

Body:

First, write about the role played by the SHGs in women empowerment – breaking chains of poverty, collective action, self-employment and financial independence and credit disbursal etc.

Next, write about the various factors which have constrained SHGs from realising their full potential e.g. use of funds for personal use, lack of awareness, digital divide, and lack of financial literacy.

Suggest innovative measures to overcome these- e.g. establishing credit counselling centres in districts.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2. Historical grievances and economic conflicts can contribute to ethnic polarization. Addressing these issues through dialogue and reconciliation can help preventing polarisation. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In late February, cadres of the Meitei chauvinist group, the Arambai Tenggol, allegedly abducted a police officer, assaulted him and vandalised his home.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes of ethnic polarisation in India and ways to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the causes of ethnic polarisation – historical, economic, political, and social factor etc. Cite examples to substantiate

Next, write about steps that are needed to prevent it – , inclusive policies, intercommunity dialogue, political reforms, cultural exchange programs, media literacy, educational reforms, community engagement, conflict resolution mechanisms, and leadership promoting unity etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. India’s relationship with Africa has been characterized by economic cooperation, cultural exchanges, and mutual support in multilateral forums. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s priority with respect to Africa in its foreign policy and the major areas of cooperation.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Briefly discuss the ties between India-Africa from the past to the present.

In the 21st century, Africa has transformed from a lost continent to a continent of hope. Subsequently, in recent years, Africa occupies a central place in the Indian government’s foreign and economic policy.

How in the current world of rising challenges, India and Africa can work towards addressing them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. India’s evolving stance on Israel, alongside its historical support for the Palestinian cause, illustrates a diplomatic balancing act. Analyse. (250)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To provide an in-depth analysis of the conflict, considering its historical background and impact on India-Israel relations.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about a brief overview of the Israel-Palestine conflict, emphasizing its long-standing nature and its global significance. Explain the historical claims and narratives of both Israelis and Palestinians.

Next, write about India’s stance on the above issue.

Next, write about India’s foreign policy that aims to maintain a balance between its strategic interests with Israel and its commitment to the Palestinian cause.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to achieve a long-lasting, peaceful solution.

 

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

5. In the context of recent SC judgement on Article 105(2) and 194(2) and parliamentary functioning, it again highlights that probity is a crucial aspect that underlines the ethical conduct, transparency, and accountability of parliamentary members and processes. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The SC has corrected anomaly in the law related to parliamentary privileges by holding that there can be no immunity for a Member of Parliament or a State legislature against a bribery charge in connection with a vote or speech in the legislature.

 Key Demand of the question:

To write about the recent judgement of SC on article 105(2) and importance of probity for parliamentary members.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of judgement of SC overruling the majority verdict in P.V. Narasimha Rao vs State (CBI/SPE) (1998).

Body:

Frist, write about article 105(2), its features and need.

Next, write about the misuse of above article for the illegal gratification and engaging in unethical conduct.

Next, write about need for robust mechanisms for oversight, accountability, and ethical education are essential to reinforce and uphold probity within parliamentary systems

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6.  What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Good means not merely not to do wrong, but rather not to desire to do wrong.” ― Democritus

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning.

Body:

Write about goodness is not only the absence of a wrongness of action but it is absence of wrong intentions/desires. Presence of wrong desires can lead to a wrong action.

Next, write a counter argument that merely having desires may not lead to bad actions. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Useless laws weaken the necessary laws.” ―  Montesquieu

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning.

Body:

Write about the futility of enacting laws that are needed and how they weaken existing laws or the laws that are actually needed. Mention the impact of enacting laws that are not needed. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote.

 

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