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First EU law to restore degraded ecosystems

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: European Parliament


Context: The European Parliament has adopted a ground-breaking law aimed at restoring degraded ecosystems across the EU’s land and sea areas called as Nature Restoration Law (NRL).

  • The law sets ambitious targets, including restoring at least 20% of the EU’s land and sea areas by 2030 and all ecosystems in need of restoration by 2050.
  • Member states must restore specific habitats, such as forests, grasslands, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and coral beds, to good condition by 2030, increasing to 90% by 2050.