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Sam Manekshaw

Content for Mains Enrichment


Source: IE

 Context: Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, also known as Sam Bahadur, was the Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, and the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal.


Sam Manekshaw’s life exemplified ethical values, including:

  1. Integrity: He faced inquiry but maintained his integrity, eventually being cleared of all charges.
  2. Compassion: After the 1971 war, he personally ensured the well-being of Pakistani Prisoners of War, providing a Quran upon request.
  3. Loyalty: Despite facing challenges, he displayed loyalty to the Army, rising above personal vendettas when he attained higher ranks.
  4. Courage: Throughout his military career, Sam displayed courage on the battlefield and in facing political pressures during his service.
  5. Respect: Fluent in Punjabi, he showed respect to soldiers by conversing in their native language, fostering a connection with troops from different backgrounds.