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India has taken several steps to enhance its preparedness in responding to cyber-warfare threats. However, the dynamic nature of cyber threats requires continuous adaptation and improvement of strategies, policies, and capabilities. Evaluate.

Topic: basics of cyber security;

6. India has taken several steps to enhance its preparedness in responding to cyber-warfare threats. However, the dynamic nature of cyber threats requires continuous adaptation and improvement of strategies, policies, and capabilities. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

A terror attack like 26/11 is unlikely to be repeated. Instead, cyber warfare is the reality which governments and police must accept and take measures against

Key Demand of the question:

To write about cyber warfare and India’s preparedness in tackling cyber warfare challenges.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining cyber-warfare.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various kinds of cyber weapons – Viruses, phishing, computer worms and malware, distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, hacking, spyware or cyber espionage, ransomware and propaganda or disinformation campaigns etc.

Next, write about the various mechanisms and organisation to deal with cyber-warfare. Write about their strengths and limitations.

Next, write about vulnerabilities of India to cyber warfare.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome the above-mentioned vulnerabilities.