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Sansad TV: Perspective- India’s 6G Vision

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Introduction:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has praised the rollout of 5G telecom networks in the country and the progress of the technology sector, calling them crucial for India’s transition to a developed economy. At the India Mobile Congress, the Prime Minister celebrated the nation’s progress, emphasizing that India’s momentum didn’t stop at the success of 5G and took on the work of taking it to every individual. He underlined that 5G technology has helped India improve its ranking in terms of broadband speed to 43rd position from previous rank of 118th position globally. He also expressed confidence that India will take the lead with 6G technology. He recalled that From being a mobile phone importer, India has now become the second-largest mobile manufacturer in the world. The Prime Minister said that in the development of digital technology, India is behind no developed nation.

6G Benefits:

  • 6G Vision is based on principles of Affordability, Sustainability, and Ubiquity.
  • It will revolutionize the mobile experience, consumers will be able to download data heavy content such as 8K movies and games with better graphics in just a few seconds. But once 6G becomes commercial, users will be required to change their current devices in favour of 6G-enabled ones.
  • However, it is likely that the primary use of the technology will go beyond delivery of services on personal mobiles devices.
  • A government panel on 6G says the technology will extend the use of wireless technologies for the first time across completely new sectors of the economy from industrial to commercial, educational, health care, agricultural, financial and social sectors.
  • The report also stresses that even after the entry of 6G into the Indian networks, the earlier generation mobile technologies (2G, 3G and 4G) will continue to remain in use and that it may take 10 or more years to phase them out.

Various field Applications of 6G Network:

  • One of the primary applications of 6G will be implementation of sensor-embedded network that will allow real time relay of information across fields such as manufacturing, consumer durables and agriculture.
  • 6G can also help make transport infrastructure more efficient by making it smart. 6G will enable vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication, making driverless cars, among other things, a reality.
  • Low latency is one of the most important features of 6G technology which is significant for mission critical applications. 6G networks are capable of latency less than a millisecond.
  • 6G will be using new radio millimetre waves for transmission. It has much higher bandwidth compared to lower LTE bands and capable of huge data rate.
  • 6G is the most efficient candidate for Internet of Things due to its flexibility, unused spectrum availability and low-cost solutions for deployment.
  • IoT applications will collects huge amount of data from millions of devices and sensors. It requires an efficient network for data collection, processing, transmission, control and real-time analytics.
  • Healthcare industry has to integrate all the operation with use of a powerful network.
  • 6G will power healthcare industry with smart medical devices, Internet of medical things, smart analytics, and high definition medical imaging technologies.

Challenges present to adapt to 6G are:

  • Frequency allocation: Indian operators have far less spectrum in comparison to international operators. The high investment cost which makes telecom companies unsure about Return on Investment.
  • We lag behind in technology in comparison.
  • Network investment: In India, the telecom sector is facing capital augmentation issues which need to be resolved.
  • Non-availability of funds for investment: Many of the Indian operators are also weighed down by debt.
  • Regulatory restrictions: Faster rounds of new technology introduction when prior technology investments have not been recouped add further complexity.
  • Technical Challenges: Designing IT architecture that can be deployed globally, while still allowing for localized technology to cater for different regions is a challenge.

 Way forward for India:

  • Need to align Digital India with 6G technology.
  • Strengthen our cyber infrastructure.
  • Incentivize design and manufacture of 6G technologies, products and solutions in India.
  • Allocate funds and incentivise local technology and telecom firms to develop their internal capacities which would in turn help 6G technology succeed in the country
  • Promote 6G start-ups that enable this design and manufacturing capabilities.
  • Promote generation of IPR backing the above designs.
  • Manufacture of 6G chipsets, this may require massive investments.
  • Appropriate test-beds and technology platforms to enable and help Indian technical ecosystem to have an edge in 6G.
  • Accelerated deployment of next generation ubiquitous ultra-high broadband infrastructure with 100% coverage of 10 Gbps across urban India and 1 Gbps across Rural India.
  • Coverage, reliability, and scalability must be optimized and seamless mobile networks will require a unified management policy to ensure consistent standards